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A Neuroergonomics Approach to Measure Pilot’s Cognitive Incapacitation in the Real World with EEG

Dehais, Frédéric and Somon, Bertille and Mullen, Tim and Callan, Daniel E. A Neuroergonomics Approach to Measure Pilot’s Cognitive Incapacitation in the Real World with EEG. (2020) In: AHFE 2019 International Conference on Neuroergonomics and Cognitive Engineering, 24 July 2020 - 28 July 2020 (San Diego, United States).

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Abstract

Mental overload and mental fatigue are two degraded cognitive states that are known to promote cognitive incapacitation. We adopted a neuroergonomics approach to investigate these states that remain difficult to induce under la-boratory settings thus impeding their measurement. Two experiments were conducted under real flight conditions to respectively measure the electro-physiological correlates of mental fatigue and mental overload with a 32 chan-nel-dry EEG system. Our findings revealed that the occurrence of mental fatigue was related to higher theta and alpha band power. Mental overload was associ-ated with higher beta band power over frontal sites. We performed single trial classification to detect mental fatigue and over-load states. Classification accu-racy reached 76.9% and 89.1%, respectively, in discriminating mental fatigue vs. no fatigue and mental overload vs. low-high load. These preliminary results provide evidence for the feasibility of detecting neural correlates of cognitive fatigue and load during real flight conditions and provide promising perspec-tives on the implementation of neuroadaptive technology especially in the con-text of single pilot-operation.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Audience (conference):International conference proceedings
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:Other partners > Drexel University (USA)
Université de Toulouse > Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace - ISAE-SUPAERO (FRANCE)
Other partners > The Center for Information and Neural Networks - CiNet (JAPAN)
Other partners > Intheon (USA)
Other partners > National Institute of Information and Communications Technology - NICT (JAPAN)
Laboratory name:
Funders:
AID (Agence Innovation de la Défense) and ANITI ANR-19-PI3A-0004 and the AXA research fund (Neuroergonomics chair).
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Deposited On:08 Jun 2020 14:24

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