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Effect of the presence of pyrite traces on silver behavior in natural porous media

Charrière, Delphine and Hernández Cortázar, Manuel de A. and Behra, Philippe Effect of the presence of pyrite traces on silver behavior in natural porous media. (2015) Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 446. 379-385. ISSN 0021-9797

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2014.12.050

Abstract

In order to better understand the fate of the toxic element Ag(I), sorption of Ag(I) was studied from batch experiments, at different pHs (2–8) and at 298K. A pure quartz sand (99.999% SiO2) and “natural” quartz sand (99% SiO2, and traces of Fe, Al, Mn (hydr)oxides, of clays and of pyrite) were used as sorbents. The Ag(I) sorption behavior depends strongly on pH with isotherm shapes characteristic of Langmuir-type relationship for initial Ag concentration [Ag(I)], range between 5.0×10−7 and 1.0×10−3M. Even if the Ag (I) sorption capacity on pure quartz sand is very low compared to the natural quartz sands, its affinity is rather high. From speciation calculations, several sites were proposed: at pHi 4, 6 and 8, the first surface site is assumed to be due to iron (hydr)oxides while the second surface site is attributed to silanols. At pHi 2, sorption of Ag(I) was assumed to be on two surface sites of iron (hydr)oxides and a third surface site on silanol groups. Even if the sand is mainly composed of silica, the trace minerals play an important role in sorption capacity compared to silica. The conditional surface complexation constants of Ag(I) depend on pH. On the other hand, it is shown that the Ag speciation depends strongly on the history of “natural” quartz sand due to initial applied treatment, little rinsing or longer washing. In the presence of low amount of pyrite, strong complexes between Ag(I) and sulfur compounds such as thiosulfates due to oxidative dissolution of pyrite are formed what decreases Ag sorption capability. SEM–EDS analyses highlighted the surface complexation–precipitation of Ag2S and Ag(0) colloids which confirmed the important role of pyrite on Ag(I) speciation.

Item Type:Article
HAL Id:hal-02531431
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
French research institutions > Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - INRA (FRANCE)
Other partners > Instituto Politécnico Nacional - IPN (MEXICO)
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Deposited On:03 Apr 2020 14:23

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