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Modeling of liquid film and breakup phenomena in Large-Eddy Simulations of aeroengines fueled by airblast atomizers

Chaussonnet, Geoffroy. Modeling of liquid film and breakup phenomena in Large-Eddy Simulations of aeroengines fueled by airblast atomizers. PhD, Dynamique des fluides, Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse, 2014

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Abstract

Aeronautical gas turbines need to satisfy growingly stringent demands on pollutant emission. Pollutant emissions are directly related to the quality of fuel air mixing prior to combustion. Therefore, their reduction relies on a more accurate prediction of spray formation and interaction of the spray with the gaseous turbulent flow field. Large-Eddy Simulation (LES) seems an adequate numerical tool to predict these mechanisms. The objectives of this thesis is to develop phenomenological models describing the liquid phase, in particular the film and its atomization at the injector atomizing lips, in the context of LES. These models are validated or calibrated on the academic experiment performed at Institut für Thermische Strömungsmaschinen (ITS) from the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), and applied to a helicopter engine real configuration. In a first step, the thin liquid film is described by a Lagangian approach. Film particles represent an elementary volume of liquid at the wall surface. The equation of motion is given by integrating the Saint-Venant equations over the film thickness. The film dynamics derives from the pressure gradient, the interfacial shear and gravity. In a second step, the film breakup is characterized by the drop size distribution of the spray. The former one is described by a Rosin-Rammler distribution, whose coefficients depend on the gas velocity, the liquid surface tension and the atomizing edge thickness of the injector. The model, labelled PAMELA, is calibrated from the KIT-ITS experiment. The simulation of the KIT-ITS experiment allows to validate the film model, to check PAMELA robustness, and to compare qualitatively the spray angle. The application of these models in a real configuration allows to check PAMELA robustness without constants modification, and to study their impact on the flame structure, in comparison with usual methods of liquid injection.

Item Type:PhD Thesis
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
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Research Director:
Poinsot, Thierry
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Deposited On:24 Jan 2020 17:22

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