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Absorption and luminescence properties of beta-carotene with antioxidant and modified kaolinite and its application in OLED

Wahyuni, Nelly. Absorption and luminescence properties of beta-carotene with antioxidant and modified kaolinite and its application in OLED. PhD, Science et Génie des Matériaux, Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse, 2018

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Abstract

Energy crises, especially fossil fuel-based energy, lead to increased use of new energy and renewable energy. In addition, research is also directed towards more efficient energy use through the development of energy storage materials such as batteries, and the use of energy-efficient materials. An OLED (organic light-emitting diode) is a light-emitting diode (LED) and is known for their high potential in a display, signage, and lighting applications. Carotenoids constitute an important class of linear -conjugated molecules that exhibit a high degree of electronic delocalization and ultrafast dynamic. The dye that is used as a photosensitizer plays an important role in the operation of DSSCs or other bifunctional material. In this research, we studied the photostability of the carotenoid compound (-carotene and fucoxanthin) using natural antioxidant and modified kaolinite. In this work, the carotenoid stability by the carotenoid compound/antioxidant binary is studied for the first time. Photostability of -carotene can be enhanced by antioxidant and modified kaolinite. Photoprotection efficiency of -carotene by curcumin was higher than fucoxanthin. Modified kaolinite decreased photodegradation of - carotene by shielded and protected from direct UV irradiation. Antioxidant fucoxanthin and curcumin decreased the electrochemical gap of the binary material. The electrochemical gap of carotene/curcumin is -1.61 eV, carotene/fucoxanthin is -1.75 eV compare to the only -carotene - 2.04 eV. Fucoxanthin can keep the first oxidation stage of -carotene. Therefore at the binary compound, electron was still reversible, but not for curcumin. Fucoxanthin in OLED devices NPD/Fx/ETL reduced significanly the EQE (%) almost 80% in Alq3 and 76% in BAlq. OLED device: NPD(50nm)/Fx(1nm)/Alq3(85nm) yielded an effeciency quantum external yield, EQE = 0.12% and CIE (0.4160, 0.5302). Fabrication OLED using -carotene as HTL and curcumin as EL layer resulted yellow color , EQE = 0.02%, with the composition MoO3(15nm)/NPD(40nm)/Car(10nm)/ Cur(15nm)/Alq3(70nm)/Ca(100nm). For application of - carotene in OLED device, its perfomance can be improved by using curcumin at the fabrication.

Item Type:PhD Thesis
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Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
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Research Director:
Mouloungui, Zéphirin and Zissis, Georges
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Deposited On:20 Dec 2019 14:16

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