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Prediction of Noise from Low Reynolds Number Rotors with Different Number of Blades using a Non-Linear Vortex Lattice Method

Jo, Yeongmin and Jardin, Thierry and Gojon, Romain and Jacob, Marc C. and Moschetta, Jean-Marc Prediction of Noise from Low Reynolds Number Rotors with Different Number of Blades using a Non-Linear Vortex Lattice Method. (2019) In: 25th AIAA/CEAS Aeroacoustics Conference (Aeroacoustics 2019), 20 May 2019 - 23 May 2019 (Delft, Netherlands).

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2019-2615

Abstract

The demand of micro air vehicles (MAV) with multiple rotors is increasing in both military and civil applications because of their versatility on various missions. However, the use of MAVs for some missions still has limited success because of their noise pollution. One of the main noise sources is aeroacoustic sound produced by the low Reynolds number flows around the rotors. There have been many previous studies about small-scale rotor systems of MAVs during the past decades, but they mainly focused on investigations of the aerodynamics rather than the acoustics. Several studies considering the acoustics have started recently. However, only steady loading forces computed by using Blade Element Momentum Theory (BEMT) were considered in the previous studies, and the noise from unsteady flow phenomena were not taken into account. The main objective of the current study is to investigate the noise mechanisms and further to find ways to reduce the noise levels in unsteady low Reynolds number flows. A Non-linear Vortex Lattice Method (NVLM) is used to simulate the unsteady low Reynolds number flow and model the corresponding noise sources. The tonal components of far-field noise is predicted by using an acoustic analogy based on Ffowcs Williams-Hawkings (FW-H) equations. These numerical methods are applied to low Reynolds number propeller and rotor cases, and validated upon experimental data. Then, they are used to investigate the influence of the number of blades on both aerodynamic and aeroacoustic performance and provide further insight into prominent sources of noise.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Audience (conference):International conference proceedings
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Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace - ISAE-SUPAERO (FRANCE)
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Funders:
Direction Générale de l'Armement
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Deposited On:16 Dec 2019 14:21

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