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Thermo-mechano-chemical extraction of hydroxycinnamic acids from industrial hemp by-products using a twin-screw extruder

Candy, Laure and Bassil, Sabina and Rigal, Luc and Simon, Valérie and Raynaud, Christine Thermo-mechano-chemical extraction of hydroxycinnamic acids from industrial hemp by-products using a twin-screw extruder. (2017) Industrial Crops and Products, 109. 335-345. ISSN 0926-6690

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2017.08.044

Abstract

This work aims at developing a continuous intensified green process to extract high-value added molecules from industrial hemp by-products. Hemp hurds and hemp dust were studied as potential sources for the production of two hydroxycinnamic acids (HCA): ferulic (FA) and p-coumaric acids (p-CA). Prior to pilot scale extraction, FA and p-CA analytical contents were evaluated to 0.3 and 3.5g/kg dry matter (DM) for hemp hurds and 0.1 and 0.8g/kg DM for hemp dust as potentials of reference. The continuous pilot scale extraction was then carried out using twin-screw extrusion. Mild conditions were developed: 50°C, alkaline aqueous or hydroalcoholic solvent (less than 0.5M NaOH) and low liquid to solid ratios. The mechanical effect helps the diffusion of the solvent, promotes the hydrolysis of the ester and ether bonds and favors the extraction of HCA in a short time. Yields in p-CA and FA reached 50% and 33% of the free and bound contents for hemp hurds. For hemp dust, all of p-CA was extracted whereas 60% of FA was recovered. The solid residue may be submitted to a second extraction stage with a polar solvent in order to increase HCA recovery. Extraction by extrusion could be seen as an alternative green processing technique as it is responsible for a reduction of extraction time and energy and a decrease in solvent and reagent consumptions.

Item Type:Article
HAL Id:hal-01608699
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
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Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
French research institutions > Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - INRA (FRANCE)
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Deposited On:26 Nov 2019 09:23

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