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Dereplication of natural products from complex extracts by regression analysis and molecular networking: case study of redox-active compounds from Viola alba subsp. dehnhardtii

Chervin, Justine and Perio, Pierre and Martins-Froment, Nathalie and Pharkeovilay, Chiobouaphong and Reybier, Karine and Nepveu, Françoise and Fabre, Nicolas and Talou, Thierry and Bonzon-Ponnet, Valérie and Marti, Guillaume Dereplication of natural products from complex extracts by regression analysis and molecular networking: case study of redox-active compounds from Viola alba subsp. dehnhardtii. (2017) Metabolomics, 13 (8). ISSN 1573-3890

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11306-017-1227-6

Abstract

Introduction : In natural product research, bioassay-guided fractionation was previously widely employed but is now judged to be inadequate in terms of time and cost, particularly if only known compounds are ultimately isolated. The development of metabolomics, along with improvements in analytical tools, allows comprehensive metabolite profiling. This enables dereplication to target unknown active compounds early in the purification workflow. Objectives :Starting from an ethanolic extract of violet leaves, this study aims to predict redox active compounds within a complex matrix through an untargeted metabolomics approach and correlation analysis. Methods : Rapid fractionation of crude extracts was carried out followed by multivariate data analysis (MVA) of liquid chromatography–high resolution mass spectrometry (LC–HRMS) profiles. In parallel, redox active properties were evaluated by the capacity of the molecules to reduce 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH·) and superoxide (O2 ·−) radicals using UV–Vis and electron spin resonance spectroscopies (ESR), respectively. A spectral similarity network (molecular networking) was used to highlight clusters involved in the observed redox activities. Results : Dereplication on Viola alba subsp. dehnhardtii highlighted a reproducible pool of redox active molecules. Polyphenols, particularly O-glycosylated coumarins and C-glycosylated flavonoids, were identified and de novo dereplicated through molecular networking. Confirmatory analyses were undertaken by thin layer chromatography (TLC)–DPPH–MS assays and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra of the most active compounds. Conclusion : Our dereplication strategy allowed the screening of leaf extracts to highlight new biologically active metabolites in few steps with a limited amount of crude material and reduced time-consuming manipulations. This approach could be applied to any kind of natural extract for the study of various biological activities.

Item Type:Article
HAL Id:hal-01607913
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Other partners > Groupe Berdoues (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
French research institutions > Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - INRA (FRANCE)
French research institutions > Institut de Recherche pour le Développement - IRD (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
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Deposited On:26 Nov 2019 17:27

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