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The effect of the oxygen ratio control of DC reactive magnetron sputtering on as-deposited non stoichiometric NiO thin films

Wang, Mengying and Thimont, Yohann and Presmanes, Lionel and Diao, Xungang and Barnabé, Antoine The effect of the oxygen ratio control of DC reactive magnetron sputtering on as-deposited non stoichiometric NiO thin films. (2017) Applied Surface Science, 419. 795-801. ISSN 0169-4332

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2017.05.095

Abstract

Non-stoichiometric Ni1-xO thin films were prepared on glass substrate by direct current reactive magnetron sputtering in a large range of oxygen partial pressure (0≤pO2≤1Pa). The dependence of the deposited film structure and properties on oxygen stoichiometry were systematically analyzed by X-ray diffraction, X-ray reflectivity, X-ray photoemission spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy, UV–vis measurements and electrical transport properties measurements. The deposition rates, surface morphology and opto-electrical properties are very sensitive to the oxygen partial pressure lower than 0.05Pa due to the presence of metallic nickel cluster phase determined by X-ray diffraction, X-ray reflectivity and XPS spectroscopy. Presence of nanocrystallized NiO phase was highlighted even for pO2=0Pa. For pO2>0.05Pa, only the NiO phase was detected. Progressive appearance of Ni3+ species is characterized by a fine increase of the lattice parameter and (111) preferred orientation determined by grazing angle X-ray diffraction, fine increase of the X-ray reflectivity critical angle, displacement of the Ni 2p3/2 signal towards lower energy, significant increase of the electrical conductivity and decrease of the total transmittance. Quantification of Ni3+ by XPS method is discussed. We also showed that the use of Raman spectroscopy was relevant for demonstrating the presence of Ni3+ in the Ni1-xO thin films.

Item Type:Article
HAL Id:hal-02378499
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UPS (FRANCE)
Other partners > Beihang University (CHINA)
Laboratory name:
Funders:
National Program on Key Research - Beijing Natural Sci-ence Foundation
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Deposited By: cirimat webmestre
Deposited On:25 Nov 2019 10:28

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