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Long and short-term trends of stream hydrochemistry and high frequency surveys as indicators of the influence of climate change, agricultural practices and internal processes (Aurade agricultural catchment, SW France)

Ponnou-Delaffon, Vivien and Probst, Anne and Payre, Virginie and Granouillac, Franck and Ferrant, Sylvain and Perrin, Anne-Sophie and Probst, Jean-Luc Long and short-term trends of stream hydrochemistry and high frequency surveys as indicators of the influence of climate change, agricultural practices and internal processes (Aurade agricultural catchment, SW France). (2020) Ecological Indicators, 110. 105894. ISSN 1470160X

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2019.105894

Abstract

The hydrochemical time series of stream water from a cultivated catchment were investigated at different time scales and survey frequencies. A 35-year time series of nitrate concentration and discharge, a 15-year time series of major elements and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentrations were analysed from a yearly to a daily/hourly basis during discharge recession after storm event periods, to determine the origin of elements, the time trends and the main controlling factors of the trends. A significant decrease over time of nitrate, base cations and other major anions was observed. These trends were controlled by agricultural practice changes (decrease of N-fertiliser input, grass-band set up) and discharge increase, especially in the last years of the period. On the other hand, K and DOC increased over the 15-year period. This increase might result from both 1) organic matter eroded from the soil surface by runoff during flood events and 2) an increase in mineralisation with increasing temperature. Seasonal variations and nycthemeral cycles indicated either calcite precipitation and nitrification processes and/or evapotranspiration, water and/or vegetation uptake during the day with increasing temperature. This paper highlights that the hydrochemical parameters measured at various time scales and frequencies can be used as powerful indicators of catchment internal processes, and of changes in agricultural management and climate change. Particularly, the multivariate high-resolution survey has shown its ability to evidence very tenuous processes not detectable by discrete sampling. The recent observed changes in hydrology argue for the need to continue the hydrochemical survey over decades.

Item Type:Article
HAL Id:hal-02368237
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
Funders:
CNRS-INEE - CNRS-INSU - IR OZCAR - FEDER - ANR - LTSER Zone Atelier Pyrénées-Garonne - CPER Midi-Pyrénées - GPN-TOTAL
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Deposited On:18 Nov 2019 13:05

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