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Alkyl and Fluoroalkyl Manganese Pentacarbonyl Complexes as Models of OMRP Dormant Species

Morales Cerrada, Roberto. Alkyl and Fluoroalkyl Manganese Pentacarbonyl Complexes as Models of OMRP Dormant Species. PhD, Chimie Organométallique et de Coordination, Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse, 2018, 274 p.

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Abstract

Fluoropolymers are materials characterized by remarkable properties and are involved in many applications. However, although controlled radical polymerization (CRP or RDRP) has been extraordinarily developed since the mid90s, synthesizing welldefined polymers of certain fluorinated monomers still remains a crucial challenge. This is the case of vinylidene fluoride (VDF), H2C=CF2, which under radical polymerization can undergo normal additions (head to tail) or reverse additions (head to head and tail to tail). These chain defects cause the formation of less reactive dormant species during a CRP. This favors an accumulation of less reactive dormant chains and leads to a loss of the control as well as to an increase of the dispersity. Recent studies have concluded that the use of organometallic complexes can minimize this problem by equilibrating the energies needed to reactivate both types of dormant chains. On the other hand, theoretical calculations have shown that alkyl and fluoroalkyl manganese pentacarbonyl complexes, [Mn(CO)5R] and [Mn(CO)5RF] respectively, are able to lead to normal and inverse dormant species with a similar activation energy. This could afford some degree of controlled polymerization. In this study, several manganese complexes ([Mn(CO)5R] and [Mn(CO)5RF], where R = CH(CH3)(COOCH3), CH(CH3)(OCOCH3) and CH(CH3)(C6H5); RF = CF3, CHF2, CH2CF3 and CF2CH3) have been synthesized and fully characterized. They were then used as original initiators for the polymerization of various monomers and as chainend models in CRP mediated by organometallic complexes (OMRP). Experimental measurements of the dissociation enthalpy of the MnC bond were carried out by kinetic methods. In addition, a deeper study of the formation of certain byproducts during the thermal decomposition of the fluoroalkylpentacarbonylmanganese(I) complexes in the presence of tris (trimethylsilyl)silane as a radical trap was carried out and supported by theoretical calculations. These complexes were also tested in the polymerization of VDF and of other nonfluorinated monomers.

Item Type:PhD Thesis
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Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
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Research Director:
Gayet, Florence and Ameduri, Bruno
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Deposited On:19 Nov 2019 13:58

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