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Reasoning with data - A new challenge for AI?

Prade, Henri Reasoning with data - A new challenge for AI? (2016) In: International Conference on Scalable Uncertainty Management (SUM 2016), 21 September 2016 - 23 September 2016 (Nice, France).

(Document in English)

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-45856-4_19


Artificial intelligence (AI) traditionally deals with knowledge rather than with data (with the noticeable exception of machine learning). The term "knowledge" refers here to information with a generic flavor, while "data" refers to information pertaining to (collections of) particular cases. The formalization of reasoning patterns with data has been much less studied until now than knowledge representation and its application to knowledge-based systems and reasoning, possibly in presence of imperfect information. Data are positive in nature by manifesting the possibility of what is observed or reported, and contrast with knowledge that delimit the extent of what is potentially possible by specifying what is impossible. Reasoning from knowledge and data goes much beyond the application of knowledge to data as in expert systems. Besides, the idea of similarity naturally applies to data and gives birth to specific forms of reasoning such as case-based reasoning, case-based decision, or even case-based argumentation, interpolation, extrapolation, and analogical reasoning. Moreover, the analysis, the interpretation of data sets raise original reasoning problems for making sense of data. This article is a manifesto in favor of the study of types of reasoning which have been somewhat neglected in AI, by showing that AI should contribute to (knowledge) and data sciences, not only in the machine learning and in the data mining areas.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information:Thanks to Springer editor. This papers appears in volume 9858 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science ISSN : 0302-9743 ISBN: 978-3-319-45855-7 The original PDF is available at: https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-45856-4_19
HAL Id:hal-02456759
Audience (conference):International conference proceedings
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse - Jean Jaurès - UT2J (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse 1 Capitole - UT1 (FRANCE)
Other partners > University of Technology, Sydney - UTS (AUSTRALIA)
Laboratory name:
Deposited On:22 Jan 2020 15:58

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