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Contrasting conduction mechanisms of two internal barrier layer capacitors: (Mn, Nb)-doped SrTiO3 and CaCu3Ti4O12

Tsuji, Kosuke and Chen, Wei-Ting and Guo, Hanzheng and Lee, Wen-Hsi and Guillemet, Sophie and Randall, Clive A. Contrasting conduction mechanisms of two internal barrier layer capacitors: (Mn, Nb)-doped SrTiO3 and CaCu3Ti4O12. (2017) Journal of Applied Physics, 121 (6). 064107. ISSN 0021-8979

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4976011


The d.c. conduction is investigated in the two different types of internal barrier layer capacitors, namely, (Mn, Nb)-doped SrTiO3 (STO) and CaCu3Ti4O12 (CCTO). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Capacitance - Voltage (C-V) analysis are performed to estimate the effective electric field at a grain boundary, EGB. Then, the d.c. conduction mechanism is discussed based on the J (Current density)-EGB characteristics. Three different conduction mechanisms are successively observed with the increase of EGB in both systems. In (Mn, Nb)-doped STO, non-linear J-EGB characteristics is temperature dependent at the intermediate EGB and becomes relatively insensitive to the temperature at the higher EGB. The J- EGB at each regime is explained by the Schottky emission (SE) followed by Fowler-Nordheim (F-N) tunneling. Based on the F-N tunneling, the breakdown voltage is then scaled by the function of the depletion layer thickness and Schottky barrier height at the average grain boundary. The proposed function shows a clear linear relationship with the breakdown. On the other hand, F-N tunneling was not observed in CCTO in our measurement. Ohmic, Poole-Frenkel (P-F), and SE are successively observed in CCTO. The transition point from P-F and SE depends on EGB and temperature. A charge-based deep level transient spectroscopy study reveals that 3 types of trap states exist in CCTO. The trap one with Et ∼ 0.65 eV below the conduction band is found to be responsible for the P-F conduction.

Item Type:Article
HAL Id:hal-02403341
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Other partners > National Cheng Kung University - NCKU (TAIWAN)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
Other partners > The Pennsylvania State University - PENNSTATE (USA)
Laboratory name:
Deposited On:10 Dec 2019 17:29

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