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Size and strain dependent activity of Ni nano and micro particles for hydrogen evolution reaction

Pătru, Alexandra and Antitomaso, Philippe and Sellin, Remy and Jerez, Nicolas and Taberna, Pierre-Louis and Favier, Frédéric Size and strain dependent activity of Ni nano and micro particles for hydrogen evolution reaction. (2013) International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 38 (27). 11695-11708. ISSN 0360-3199

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2013.06.045

Abstract

In the context of constant research for the improvement of alkaline water electrolysis process using advanced electrocatalytic materials for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER), various nickel particle based electrode materials were prepared and characterized. The synthesis of nickel hydroxide nanoparticles was performed in water in presence of three different stabilizers (CTAB, PVP and KBr). A thermal treatment at 400 °C under 5% H2/Ar atmosphere led to nickel nanoparticles. Mechanically milled commercial micrometric particles and nanoparticles synthesised by a polyol route completed a series of Ni powders showing broad ranges of size (5 nm–73 μm) and strain (6 ppm–0.7%). The electrocatalytic activity of the resulting electrode materials was evaluated versus powder morphology. Their apparent and intrinsic activity and the mechanism of the HER were studied by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and steady-state polarisation. A change in the HER mechanism is observed depending on particle size. This first systematic study demonstrates that the smaller the size and the more defective the particles, the greater the electrocatalytic activity. As a matter of fact, appreciable cathodic current densities of 100 mA cm−2 at ∼ −300 mV of overpotential were obtained for nickel nanoparticles with 5 nm size and 0.7% strain.

Item Type:Article
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:Other partners > Bulane (FRANCE)
French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Other partners > Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Montpellier - ENSCM (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université de Montpellier (FRANCE)
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Deposited On:08 Apr 2020 15:36

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