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Effect of the carbon microporous structure on the capacitance of aqueous supercapacitors

Ganfoud, Nidhal and Sene, Assane and Haefele, Matthieu and Marin-Laflèche, Abel and Daffos, Barbara and Taberna, Pierre-Louis and Salanne, Mathieu and Simon, Patrice and Rotenberg, Benjamin Effect of the carbon microporous structure on the capacitance of aqueous supercapacitors. (2019) Energy Storage Materials, 21. 190-195. ISSN 2405-8297

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ensm.2019.05.047


Using a combination of cyclic voltammetry experiments and molecular dynamics simulations, we study the effect of microporous carbon structure on the performance of aqueous supercapacitors using carbide derived carbon (CDC) electrodes. The structures investigated by molecular simulations are compatible with the experimental results for CDC synthesized at 800°C, but not with the other two materials (CDC-1100 and YP-50F), which are more graphitic. In fact, the specific capacitance obtained for the latter two are in good agreement with molecular simulations of graphite electrodes, assuming that all the charge is localized in the first plane in contact with the electrode (a very good approximation). Our molecular simulations further allow to examine the solvation of ions inside the electrodes. Unlike what was observed for large organic ions dissolved in acetonitrile, we find that most Na+ cations remain fully solvated. Overall, microporous carbons such as CDCs are good candidates for applications involving aqueous supercapacitors, in particular the harvesting of blue energy or desalination, but their performance remains to be optimized by tailoring their microstructure.

Item Type:Article
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique et aux énergies alternatives - CEA (FRANCE)
French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Other partners > Collège de France (FRANCE)
Other partners > Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Paris - ENSCP (FRANCE)
Other partners > Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Montpellier - ENSCM (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Other partners > Institut polytechnique de Grenoble (FRANCE)
French research institutions > Institut National de la Recherche en Informatique et en Automatique - INRIA (FRANCE)
Other partners > Sorbonne Université (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines -UVSQ (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université de Nantes (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université de Picardie Jules Verne (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour - UPPA (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université de Haute Alsace - UHA (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université de Montpellier (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université Paris-Sud 11 (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
Ville de Paris - Agence Nationale de la Recherche - ANR - HPC resources granted - Sorbonne Université
Deposited On:09 Oct 2019 09:05

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