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Tailoring of Double‐Walled Carbon Nanotubes for Formaldehyde Sensing through Encapsulation of Selected Materials

Chimowa, George and Yang, Lin and Lonchambon, Pierre and Hungria, Teresa and Datas, Lucien and Vieu, Christophe and Flahaut, Emmanuel Tailoring of Double‐Walled Carbon Nanotubes for Formaldehyde Sensing through Encapsulation of Selected Materials. (2019) Physica Status Solidi A. 1-9. ISSN 1862-6300

(Document in English)

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1002/pssa.201900279


Tailoring carbon nanomaterials for specific applications is of great importance in the quest to improve the properties of these materials, increasing their functionalities. Using a simple and easy to apply technique, zinc, zinc oxide, and iodine are encapsulated and confined within double‐walled carbon nanotubes (DWNTs) whose internal diameter ranges from 1.2 to 2.5 nm. The simultaneous confinement of zinc and iodine is shown to improve the sensitivity by 100 times while, at the same time, enhancing the selectivity of DWNTs toward formaldehyde. By exploiting the p‐doping effect of iodine, carbon nanotube (CNT) networks are engineered to differentiate formaldehyde from some of the common volatile organic compounds, such as ethanol and acetone. The ability to tune the chemical selectivity and sensitivity of CNT‐based sensors through inner encapsulation of a specific material thus appears as a new possible route compared with more conventional outer surface functionalization.

Item Type:Article
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Toulouse - INSA (FRANCE)
Other partners > University of Botswana - UB (BOTSWANA)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
European Union Seventh Framework Programme
Deposited On:01 Oct 2019 12:32

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