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Bromine polycondensation in pristine and fluorinated graphitic carbons

Sedelnikova, Olga V. and Ewels, Christopher P. and Pinakov, Dmitry V. and Chekhova, Galina N. and Flahaut, Emmanuel and Okotrub, Alexander Vladimirovich and Bulusheva, Lyubov Gennadievna Bromine polycondensation in pristine and fluorinated graphitic carbons. (2019) Nanoscale, 11 (32). 15298-15306. ISSN 2040-3364

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1039/c9nr01922g


Despite decades of study the precise behavior of bromine in graphitic carbons remains unclear. In this report, using Raman spectroscopy, we reveal two types of bromine structure in graphitic carbon materials. Between fluorinated graphene layers with a composition close to C2F, Br2 molecules are intercalated in a form similar to liquid bromine. Bromination of pristine and low-fluorinated graphitic carbons behaves very differently with distinct Br-related Raman spectra. With the guidance of density functional theory (DFT) calculations, all Raman features are assigned to normal vibration modes of specific bromine species over graphene and fluorinated graphene. When intercalated between extended non-fluorinated sp2-hybridized carbon regions, physisorbed Br2 molecules move freely across the non-functionalized region toward the CF border. Multiple Br2 molecules then combine spontaneously into Br3-based chains, whose coupling activates otherwise Raman inactive modes. Significant charge transfer to bromine species occurs in this case. DFT calculated frequencies match precisely the experimental Br-related Raman bands observed in the intercalation carbon compounds. The fluorine-catalyzed bromine chain-formation process shown here is general and should also operate with edges and other defect species.

Item Type:Article
HAL Id:hal-02301196
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Other partners > Novosibirsk State University (RUSSIA)
Other partners > Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences - SB RAS (RUSSIA)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université de Nantes (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
Russian Foundation for Basic Research - RFBR - Russian Foundation for Basic Research - RFBR - Academy of Finland
Deposited On:01 Oct 2019 12:04

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