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Understanding the cumulative effects of salinity, temperature and inoculation size for the design of optimal halothermotolerant bioanodes from hypersaline sediments

Askri, Refka and Erable, Benjamin and Neifar, Mohamed and Etcheverry, Luc and Masmoudi, Ahmed Slaheddine and Cherif, Ameur and Chouchane, Habib Understanding the cumulative effects of salinity, temperature and inoculation size for the design of optimal halothermotolerant bioanodes from hypersaline sediments. (2019) Bioelectrochemistry, 129. 179-188. ISSN 1567-5394

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bioelechem.2019.05.015

Abstract

The main objective of this study was to understand the interaction between salinity, temperature and inoculum size and how it could lead to the formation of efficient halothermotolerant bioanodes from the Hypersaline Sediment of Chott El Djerid (HSCE). Sixteen experiments on bioanode formation were designed using a Box-Behnken matrix and response surface methodology to understand synchronous interactions. All bioanode formations were conducted on 6 cm2 carbon felt electrodes polarized at −0.1 V/SCE and fed with lactate (5 g/L) at pH 7.0. Optimum levels for salinity, temperature and inoculum size were predicted by NemrodW software as 165 g/L, 45 °C and 20%, respectively, under which conditions maximum current production of 6.98 ± 0.06 A/m2 was experimentally validated. Metagenomic analysis of selected biofilms indicated a relative abundance of the two phyla Proteobacteria (from 85.96 to 89.47%) and Firmicutes (from 61.90 to 68.27%). At species level, enrichment of Psychrobacter aquaticus, Halanaerobium praevalens, Psychrobacter alimentaris, and Marinobacter hydrocarbonoclasticus on carbon-based electrodes was correlated with high current production, high salinity and high temperature. Members of the halothermophilic bacteria pool from HSCE, individually or in consortia, are candidates for designing halothermotolerant bioanodes applicable in the bioelectrochemical treatment of industrial wastewater at high salinity and temperature.

Item Type:Article
HAL Id:hal-02291096
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université de la Manouba - UMA (TUNISIA)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
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Agence Nationale de la Recherche- ANR - the Ministry of High Education and Scientific Research of the Tunisian Republic
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Deposited On:18 Sep 2019 09:35

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