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An EM-based multipath interference mitigation in GNSS receivers

Cheng, Cheng and Tourneret, Jean-Yves An EM-based multipath interference mitigation in GNSS receivers. (2019) Signal Processing, 162. 141-152. ISSN 0165-1684

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sigpro.2019.04.018


In multipath (MP) environments, the received signals depend on several factors related to the global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) receiver environment and motion. Thus it is difficult to use a spe- cific propagation model to accurately capture the dynamics of the MP signal when the GNSS receiver is moving in urban canyons. This paper formulates the problem of MP interference mitigation in the GNSS receiver as a joint state (containing the direct signal parameters) and time-varying model parameter (con- taining the MP signal parameters) estimation. Accordingly, we propose to exploit the EM algorithm for achieving the joint state and time-varying parameter estimation in the context of MP interference mit- igation in GNSS receivers. More precisely, the proposed EM-based MP mitigation approach is decom- posed into two iterative steps: (a) the posterior pdf of the direct signal parameters and the expected log-likelihood function necessary in the expectation step of the EM algorithm are approximated by using an appropriate particle filter; (b) the maximum likelihood solution for MP signal parameters is then ob- tained using Newton’s method in the maximization step. The convergence of the proposed approach is analyzed based on the existing convergence theorem associated with the EM algorithm. Finally, a com- prehensive simulation study is conducted to compare the performance of the proposed EM-based MP mitigation approach with other state-of-the-art MP mitigation approaches in static and realistic scenar- ios.

Item Type:Article
HAL Id:hal-02183265
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Other partners > Northwestern Polytechnical University (CHINA)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse - Jean Jaurès - UT2J (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse 1 Capitole - UT1 (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
Deposited On:15 Jul 2019 09:14

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