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Industrial products from carbohydrates, wood and fibres

Stevens, Christian V. and Janas, Piotr and Kordowska-Wiater, Monica and Kosma, Paul and Targonski, Zdzislaw and Vaca-Garcia, Carlos Industrial products from carbohydrates, wood and fibres. (2004) In: Renewable Bioresources: Scope and Modification for Non-food Applications. John Wiley & Sons, 160-188. ISBN 978-0-470-85446-4

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Abstract

Carbohydrates are the most widespread class of compounds in nature and are produced in enormous amounts by all plants. Seventy-five percent of the annual biomass production by photosynthesis, i.e. 170 ×109t, are carbohydrates. However, only 6% of this annual production is being used by human beings (62% for food, 33% for energy and housing and only 5% for non-food applications) (Röper, 2002). Not only are carbohydrates the primary products formed by photosynthesis and the energy storage compounds of plants and bacteria, they also play a very important role in the functions of cells and are starting materials for many vital compounds in biochemical pathways, in cell–cell recognition strategies and in cellular transport. Further, carbohydrates form an immense resource pool for organic synthetic chemists in the synthesis of many complex natural compounds, such as antibiotics (Nicolau and Mitchell, 2001). In this chapter, next to some fundamental characteristics of the compounds discussed, most attention will be focused on the large-scale use of carbohydrates and modified carbohydrates as industrial products and the technology involved in these transformations. The following classes of carbohydrates and their applications will be discussed: The occurrence and use of polysaccharides and fibres, including wood, cotton, paper, starches and chitin. The applications of oligosaccharides such as maltodextrins, fructans and cyclodextrins.

Item Type:Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
French research institutions > Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - INRA (FRANCE)
Other partners > University of Life Sciences of Lublin (POLAND)
Other partners > Universiteit Gent - UGENT (BELGIUM)
Other partners > Universität für Bodenkultur Wien - BOKU (AUSTRIA)
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Deposited On:08 Apr 2019 11:55

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