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Collaborative transportation for small and medium enterprises for advancing the emerging countries

Memon, Muhammad Ali and Letouzey, Agnès and Archimède, Bernard Collaborative transportation for small and medium enterprises for advancing the emerging countries. (2014) In: Colloque International Pluridisciplinaire, 8 January 2014 - 10 January 2014 (Douala, Cameroon). (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Food needs are growing rapidly with the growing population especially in case of developing countries where food preservation technology is not that much mature or even not available. It results enormous increase in prices of food commodities and higher growth rate of inflation each year. Additionally population is dispersed in the country in form of very small and large cities. Similarly, food grown in the country is also dispersed in the different areas of the country. This is highly necessary to use effective modes of transport, to collect food from these regions and distribute it with equilibrium in all the human living regions. Additionally to reduce the wastage of food in case of food shortage especially in some part of the African continent region. Food products and ingredients found and grown in one region are transported to another region, making it possible to use and eat them where they are not found. Small farmers or food producers to reach the scattered areas to distribute their products at time and cost effectively could not purchase their own vehicles, ships or planes to transport their goods. These companies contact third party transporter companies to transport their products, same as a courier company. These companies are called Third Party Logistics enterprises (3PL). These 3PL enterprises take the responsibility of performing logistics functions entirely or partially of an organization. They manage their own fleet of vehicles which drive in a certain and region. The diversity of clients due to different kind of product distribution (fresh, frozen etc.), distance from production companies and distribution cities, the size of the transport network make it even very complicated for a 3PL transporter to manage transportation planning and make efficient use of their resources. Moreover a single 3PL transporter also covers a limited region; they must collaborate with other 3PL enterprises which operate in other regions to make the delivery of the products to faraway locations. Complexity of transportation planning increases further in case of multiple 3PLE enterprises collaborating for the fulfilment of a transport order(s). The objective of this paper is to present a collaborative and distributed model for transportation planning activities aimed at better utilize transport resources by grouping several orders of transports for each effective displacement.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Audience (conference):International conference without published proceedings
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Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT (FRANCE)
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Deposited By: Agnès Letouzey
Deposited On:06 Jun 2019 14:18

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