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Five-year outcomes of the First Distal Uninstrumented Vertebra after posterior fusion for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Lenke 1 or 2

Clément, Jean-Luc and Solla, Frederico and Tran, Antoine and Morin, Christian and Lakhal, Walid and Sales de Gauzy, Jérôme and Leroux, Julien and Gennari, Jean-Marie and Parent, François-Henri and Kreichati, Gaby and Wolf, Stéphane and Obeid, Ibrahim Five-year outcomes of the First Distal Uninstrumented Vertebra after posterior fusion for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Lenke 1 or 2. (2017) Orthopaedics & Traumatology: Surgery & Research, 103 (5). 727-731. ISSN 1877-0568

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.otsr.2017.04.006

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Tilt of the First Distal Uninstrumented Vertebra (FDUV) reflects changes in the main curve and compensatory lumbar curve after posterior fusion to treat thoracic Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS). HYPOTHESIS: FDUV tilt 5 years or more post-fusion depends chiefly on reduction of the main curve and on other factors such as selection of the last instrumented vertebra. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A multicenter retrospective cohort of 182 patients with Lenke 1 or 2 AIS treated with posterior instrumentation and followed up for a mean of 8 years and a minimum of 5 years was studied. The patients were divided into two groups based on whether tilt of the upper endplate of the FDUV was ≤5° or >5°at last follow-up. Variables associated with tilt were identified by multiple logistic regression. RESULTS: Six variables were significantly associated with FDUVtilt: percentage of correction at last follow-up, correction loss, lumbar modifier B, number of instrumented vertebrae, inclusion within the instrumentation of the distal neutral vertebra, and inclusion within the instrumentation of the lowest vertebra intersected by the central sacral vertical line. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: The main variables associated with FDUVtilt ≤5° were a final correction percentage ≥60% and absence of correction loss between the postoperative period and last follow-up. Given the stable reduction provided by contemporary instrumentations, we recommend selective thoracic fusion of Lenke 1 or 2 AIS with lumbar modifiers A, B, and C. The lowest instrumented vertebra should be either the neutral vertebra or the vertebra intersected by the central sacral vertical line if it is distal to the neutral vertebra. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE IV: Retrospective multicenter study.

Item Type:Article
HAL Id:hal-02100386
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:Other partners > Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Marseille - AP-HM (FRANCE)
Other partners > Centre du rachis - Trélazé (FRANCE)
Other partners > Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Bordeaux - CHU (FRANCE)
Other partners > Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Nice - CHU Nice (FRANCE)
Other partners > Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Rouen - CHU Rouen (FRANCE)
Other partners > Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire de Tours - CHU Tours (FRANCE)
Other partners > Fondation Hopale (FRANCE)
Other partners > Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Toulouse - CHU Toulouse (FRANCE)
Other partners > Groupe hospitalier Paris Saint-Joseph (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université Saint-Joseph de Beyrouth - USJ (LEBANON)
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Deposited By: Pascal SWIDER
Deposited On:15 Apr 2019 16:10

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