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Pancreatic fracture: a rare complication following scoliosis surgery

Juricic, Mélodie and Pinnagoda, Kalitha and Lakhal, Walid and Sales de Gauzy, Jérôme and Abbo, Olivier Pancreatic fracture: a rare complication following scoliosis surgery. (2018) European Spine Journal, 27 (9). 2095-2099. ISSN 0940-6719

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00586-017-5318-x

Abstract

STUDY DESIGN: Grand Round case report. OBJECTIVE: We report a pancreatic fracture associated with Wirsung duct disruption, following a scoliosis surgery in a cerebral palsy adolescent. Spinal fusion surgery is the standard treatment for severe neuromuscular scoliosis. Many complications such as digestive ones account for its complexity. Postoperative acute pancreatitis is well described, although its pathophysiology remains unclear. To our knowledge, pancreatic fracture following scoliosis correction has never been described to date. Clinical presentation is not specific, and management is not consensual. CASE REPORT: A 14-year-old adolescent had posterior spinal fusion for neuromuscular scoliosis due to cerebral palsy. During the postoperative course, she developed progressive nonspecific abdominal symptoms. The abdominal CT scan demonstrated a pancreatic fracture and a surgical exploration was decided as perforations of the bowel were highly suspected. Drains were placed around the pancreatic area as the retrogastric region was out of reach due to local inflammation. Conservative management led to the occurrence of a pseudocyst in the following weeks as the pancreatic leakage progressively dropped. DISCUSSION: Two hypotheses have been proposed: direct iatrogenic trauma from lumbar pedicle screws and pancreatic rupture related to the correction of the spinal deformity. As the latter seems the most likely, spinal surgeons should be aware of this occurrence following severe scoliosis correction. CONCLUSION: Spinal fusion for severe neuromuscular scoliosis is a difficult procedure, with a high rate of complications. Among them, pancreatic fracture should be considered when abdominal pain persists in the postoperative period. Conservative management is advocated especially in case of a poor general condition.

Item Type:Article
HAL Id:hal-02135812
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
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Institution:Other partners > Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Toulouse - CHU Toulouse (FRANCE)
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Deposited On:14 Mar 2019 07:56

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