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Anatomical total shoulder arthroplasty in young patients with osteoarthritis

Gauci, Marc Olivier and Bonnevialle, Nicolas and Moineau, Grégory and Baba, Mohammed and Walch, Gilles and Boileau, Pascal Anatomical total shoulder arthroplasty in young patients with osteoarthritis. (2018) The Bone & Joint Journal, 100-B (4). 485-492. ISSN 2049-4394

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620X.100B4.BJJ-2017-0495.R2

Abstract

AIMS: Controversy about the use of an anatomical total shoulder arthroplasty (aTSA) in young arthritic patients relates to which is the ideal form of fixation for the glenoid component: cemented or cementless. This study aimed to evaluate implant survival of aTSA when used in patients aged < 60 years with primary glenohumeral osteoarthritis (OA), and to compare the survival of cemented all-polyethylene and cementless metal-backed glenoid components. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 69 consecutive aTSAs were performed in 67 patients aged < 60 years with primary glenohumeral OA. Their mean age at the time of surgery was 54 years (35 to 60). Of these aTSAs, 46 were undertaken using a cemented polyethylene component and 23 were undertaken using a cementless metal-backed component. The age, gender, preoperative function, mobility, premorbid glenoid erosion, and length of follow-up were comparable in the two groups. The patients were reviewed clinically and radiographically at a mean of 10.3 years (5 to 12, sd 26) postoperatively. Kaplan-Meier survivorship analysis was performed with revision as the endpoint. RESULTS: A total of 26 shoulders (38%) underwent revision surgery: ten (22%) in the polyethylene group and 16 (70%) in the metal-backed group (p < 0.0001). At 12 years' follow-up, the rate of implant survival was 74% (sd 0.09) for polyethylene components and 24% (sd 0.10) for metal-backed components (p < 0.0002). Glenoid loosening or failure was the indication for revision in the polyethylene group, whereas polyethylene wear with metal-on-metal contact, instability, and insufficiency of the rotator cuff were the indications for revision in the metal-backed group. Preoperative posterior subluxation of the humeral head with a biconcave/retroverted glenoid (Walch B2) had an adverse effect on the survival of a metal-backed component. CONCLUSION: The survival of a cemented polyethylene glenoid component is three times higher than that of a cementless metal-backed glenoid component ten years after aTSA in patients aged < 60 years with primary glenohumeral OA. Patients with a biconcave (B2) glenoid have the highest risk of failure.

Item Type:Article
HAL Id:hal-02135074
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:Other partners > Centre Orthopédique Santy (FRANCE)
Other partners > Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Nice - CHU Nice (FRANCE)
Other partners > Clinique Pasteur-Lanroze (FRANCE)
Other partners > Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Toulouse - CHU Toulouse (FRANCE)
Other partners > Sydney Adventist Hospital (AUSTRALIA)
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Deposited On:12 Apr 2019 09:15

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