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Graph-Based Approaches to Structural Universals and Complex States of Affairs

Masolo, Claudio and Vieu, Laure Graph-Based Approaches to Structural Universals and Complex States of Affairs. (2018) In: 10th International Conference on Formal Ontology in Information Systems (FOIS 2018), 17 September 2018 - 21 September 2018 (Cape Town, South Africa).

(Document in English)

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3233/978-1-61499-910-2-69


Structural universals have been introduced in the philosophical literature on examples such as chemical molecules composed of bonded atoms of different kinds. They are useful to handle complex abstract entities such as designs of artefacts, shapes, strings, words and texts, relevant in many areas of applied ontology. We use graph-theory as a unifying framework to review and compare the formal accounts proposed by Armstrong, Bennett and Mormann. We then propose a more expressive account, combining features of Bennett's and Mormann's proposals, able to model both the mereology of complex states of affairs and the structure of the particulars involved in them. Structural universals are explicitly represented; their structure, where a same universal can be part of a structural universal several times over, can be read off the graphs representing complex states of affairs.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
HAL Id:hal-02089294
Audience (conference):National conference proceedings
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Other partners > Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche - CNR (ITALY)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Other partners > Istituto di Science e Tecnologie della Cognizione (ITALY)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse - Jean Jaurès - UT2J (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse 1 Capitole - UT1 (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
Deposited On:27 Mar 2019 14:55

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