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Ion Sieving Effects in Chemically Tuned Pillared Graphene Materials for Electrochemical Capacitors

Banda, Harish and Daffos, Barbara and Périé, Sandy and Chenavier, Yves and Dubois, Lionel and Aradilla, David and Pouget, Stéphanie and Simon, Patrice and Crosnier, Olivier and Taberna, Pierre-Louis and Duclairoir, Florence Ion Sieving Effects in Chemically Tuned Pillared Graphene Materials for Electrochemical Capacitors. (2018) Chemistry of Materials, 30 (9). 3040-3047. ISSN 0897-4756

(Document in English)

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.8b00759


Supercapacitors offer high power densities but require further improvements in energy densities for widespread commercial applications. In addition to the conventional strategy of using large surface area materials to enhance energy storage, recently, matching electrolyte ion sizes to material pore sizes has been shown to be particularly effective. However, synthesis and characterization of materials with precise pore sizes remain challenging. Herein, we propose to evaluate the layered structures in graphene derivatives as being analogous to pores and study the possibility of ion sieving. A class of pillared graphene based materials with suitable interlayer separation were synthesized, readily characterized by X-ray diffraction, and tested in various electrolytes. Electrochemical results show that the interlayer galleries could indeed sieve electrolyte ions based on size constrictions: ions with naked sizes that are smaller than the interlayer separation access the galleries, whereas the larger ions are restricted. These first observations of ion sieving in pillared graphene-based materials enable efficient charge storage through optimization of the d-spacing/ion size couple.

Item Type:Article
HAL Id:hal-01848461
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique et aux énergies alternatives - CEA (FRANCE)
French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Other partners > Collège de France (FRANCE)
Other partners > Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Paris - ENSCP (FRANCE)
Other partners > Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Montpellier - ENSCM (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Other partners > Institut polytechnique de Grenoble (FRANCE)
Other partners > Sorbonne Université (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université Grenoble Alpes - UGA (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université de Nantes (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université de Picardie Jules Verne (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour - UPPA (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université de Haute Alsace - UHA (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université de Montpellier (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
Deposited On:25 Feb 2019 13:25

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