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Effects of a Quaternary Ammonium Salt on the Growth, Wettability, and Agglomeration of Structure II Hydrate Crystals

Delroisse, Henry and Torré, Jean-Philippe and Dicharry, Christophe Effects of a Quaternary Ammonium Salt on the Growth, Wettability, and Agglomeration of Structure II Hydrate Crystals. (2018) Energy & Fuels, 32 (12). 12277-12288. ISSN 0887-0624

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.energyfuels.8b02980

Abstract

This work studied the effects of a water-soluble quaternary ammonium salt (called DA 50) on the growth, wettability, and agglomeration of cyclopentane (CP) hydrate crystals and methane (CH4)/propane (C3H8) hydrate crystals. The impact on these properties of adding 4 wt % NaCl to the DA 50 solution was also investigated. The hydrates were formed from water/CP, water/(CP + n-octane (n-C8)), and water/(CP + n-dodecane (n-C12)) mixtures at atmospheric pressure and from a water/n-C8/(CH4 + C3H8) mixture under pressure (about 67 bar). Experiments were performed at a subcooling of 6 °C in the case of the CP hydrates and 9–10 °C in the case of the CH4/C3H8 hydrates. In both hydrate systems, adding NaCl to the surfactant solution of 0.1 or 1 wt % DA 50 led to the formation of individual oil-wettable pyramidal crystals. Without salt, the hydrate formed a water-wettable shell that covered the water/oil interface just as the system without surfactant did. The antiagglomeration performance of the 1 wt % DA 50 solution was evaluated by performing torque measurements in an agitated batch reactor at a water cut of 30 vol %. Without NaCl, torque increased with the amount of CP hydrates. The system formed a nonflowable jelly-like phase, with water as the continuous phase, until a phase inversion occurred. From there on torque significantly decreased and the system became a flowable dispersion of large hydrate particles (∼700 μm) in the CP phase. With 4 wt % NaCl, the system consisted of small (∼70 μm) hydrate particles dispersed in the CP phase and the torque signal remained constant throughout the hydrate crystallization process. The torque profiles obtained at concentrations of 0 or 4 wt % NaCl for the CP hydrates and the CH4/C3H8 hydrates were similar, suggesting analogous states for both systems. For both hydrate systems, adding NaCl to the DA 50 solution led to the formation of oil-wettable hydrates and drastically improved the antiagglomeration performance of the surfactant molecules, revealing a correlation between the formation of individual crystals and the antiagglomeration performance of the surfactant. The similarity between the growth patterns and shapes of the CP–hydrate crystals and the CH4/C3H8–hydrate crystals confirmed that CP hydrates are an interesting model for evaluating the antiagglomeration performance of surfactants.

Item Type:Article
HAL Id:hal-01984991
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Other partners > Total (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour - UPPA (FRANCE)
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Deposited On:17 Jan 2019 13:59

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