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Pipe flow of a dense emulsion: homogeneous shear-thinning or shear-induced migration ?

Abbas, Micheline and Pouplin, Amélie and Masbernat, Olivier and Liné, Alain and Décarre, Sandrine Pipe flow of a dense emulsion: homogeneous shear-thinning or shear-induced migration ? (2017) AIChE Journal, 63 (11). 5182-5195. ISSN 0001-1541

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1002/aic.15811


The flow field of a 70% concentrated noncolloidal o/w emulsion in a pipe has been investigated by means of Particle Image Velocimetry in a matched refractive index medium. At steady state and in laminar regime, the shape of axial velocity profiles is not parabolic and exhibits a shear‐thinning behavior of the dense emulsion, with a flow index of 0.5 and a negligible yield stress (less than 1 Pa). However, instead of a square root law, the pressure drop increases linearly with Um. To explain this apparent inconsistency, two mechanisms of different nature are considered. The first originates from a possible relation between the consistency factor and the drop mean diameter. The second mechanism is shear‐induced migration and leads to the development of a concentration gradient in the pipe cross section. Both mechanisms considered reconcile the experimental data, the apparent local shear‐thinning behavior and the linear evolution of the pressure drop with the flow rate.

Item Type:Article
HAL Id:hal-01702338
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Toulouse - INSA (FRANCE)
French research institutions > IFP Energies Nouvelles - IFPEN (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
Deposited On:30 Oct 2018 12:12

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