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Fluid Flow through 90 Degree Bends

Spedding, P.L. and Bénard, Emmanuel and Mcnally, G.M. Fluid Flow through 90 Degree Bends. (2008) Developments in Chemical Engineering and Mineral Processing, 12 (1-2). 107-128. ISSN 0969-1855

(Document in English)

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/apj.5500120109


Pressure drop measurement and prediction in curved pipes and elbow bends is reviewed for both laminar and turbulent single-phase fluid flow. For curved pipe under laminar flow, the pressure loss can be predicted both theoretically and using empirical relations. The transitional Reynolds number can be predicted from an empirical relation. Turbulent flow in curved pipes can only be theoretically predicted for large bends but there are a large number of empirical relations that have proved to be accurate. Elbow bends have proven to be difficult to both measure and represent the pressure loss. Methods of overcoming such problems are outlined. There was no reliable method of theoretically predicting pressure drop in elbow bends. Experimental measurements showed considerable scatter unless care was taken to eliminate extraneous effects. Reliable data are highlighted and an empirical method is proposed for calculation of pressure drop in elbow bends.

Item Type:Article
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:Other partners > Queen's University Belfast - QUB (UNITED KINGDOM)
Deposited On:02 Aug 2018 15:02

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