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Mechanical properties of flax and hemp yarns designed for the manufacturing of geotextiles. Improvement of the resistance to soil born microorganisms.

Ouagne, Pierre and Renouard, Sullivan and Michel, Davina and Laine, Eric Mechanical properties of flax and hemp yarns designed for the manufacturing of geotextiles. Improvement of the resistance to soil born microorganisms. (2017) Journal of Textile Engineering & Fashion Technology, 1 (5). ISSN 2574-8114

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.15406/jteft.2017.01.00034

Abstract

Geotextiles are widely used to stabilize river banks from erosion when these ones are restored into vegetal covered areas as mentioned by European regulations. For these applications imported coir (coconut shell fibres) based geotextiles are generally used because coir fibres show a good resistance to soil degradation. In Europe, flax and hemp plants are already grown for textile, building or oil applications. By-products of these industries such as flax tows and short hemp fibres were used to manufacture yarns. The resistance to degradation via the measurement of the mechanical properties of these yarns submitted to enzymatic (cellulase) and microbial attacks (Cellvibrio gandavensis) mimicking soil degradation was evaluated. Large decreases in mechanical properties were observed, even though these ones were still higher than the as received reference coir material. After impregnation by chitosan of the fibres, the tensile properties of the yarns globally remained unchanged after severe attacks. The chitosan acts as a protection against the soil microorganism attacks. As a consequence, flax and hemp by-products could be good candidates for local manufacturing of biodegradable geotextiles.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Publication en l'absence de réponse de l'éditeur à notre demande d'autorisation du : 21/03/18.
HAL Id:hal-01826264
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université d'Orléans (FRANCE)
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Deposited On:11 Apr 2018 12:19

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