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Ethylene receptors signal via a noncanonical pathway to regulate abscisic acid Responses

Bakshi, Arkadipta and Piya, Sarbottam and Fernandez, Jessica C. and Chervin, Christian and Hewesi, Tarek and Binder, Brad Mark Ethylene receptors signal via a noncanonical pathway to regulate abscisic acid Responses. (2018) Plant Physiology, 176 (1). 1-20. ISSN 0032-0889

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1104/pp.17.01763

Abstract

Ethylene is a gaseous plant hormone perceived by a family of receptors in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) including ETHYLENE RESPONSE1 (ETR1) and ETR2. Previously we showed that etr1-6 loss-of-function plants germinate better and etr2-3 loss-of-function plants germinate worse than wild-type under NaCl stress and in response to abscisic acid (ABA). In this study, we expanded these results by showing that ETR1 and ETR2 have contrasting roles in the control of germination under a variety of inhibitory conditions for seed germination such as treatment with KCl, CuSO4, ZnSO4, and ethanol. Pharmacological and molecular biology results support a model where ETR1 and ETR2 are indirectly affecting the expression of genes encoding ABA signaling proteins to affect ABA sensitivity. The receiver domain of ETR1 is involved in this function in germination under these conditions and controlling the expression of genes encoding ABA signaling proteins. Epistasis analysis demonstrated that these contrasting roles of ETR1 and ETR2 do not require the canonical ethylene signaling pathway. To explore the importance of receptor-protein interactions, we conducted yeast two-hybrid screens using the cytosolic domains of ETR1 and ETR2 as bait. Unique interacting partners with either ETR1 or ETR2 were identified. We focused on three of these proteins and confirmed the interactions with receptors. Loss of these proteins led to faster germination in response to ABA, showing that they are involved in ABA responses. Thus, ETR1 and ETR2 have both ethylene-dependent and -independent roles in plant cells that affect responses to ABA.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to ASPB editor. The definitive version is available at : http://www.plantphysiol.org/content/early/2017/11/20/pp.17.01321
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
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Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
French research institutions > Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - INRA (FRANCE)
Other partners > University of Tennessee - UT (USA)
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Deposited On:16 Jan 2018 15:14

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