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Late Fetal Blood Transcriptomic Approach To Get Insight Into Biology Related To Birth Survival

Liaubet, Laurence and Voillet, Valentin and Lippi, Yannick and Iannuccelli, Nathalie and Lascor, Christine and Billon, Yvon and San Cristobal, Magali and Canario, Laurianne Late Fetal Blood Transcriptomic Approach To Get Insight Into Biology Related To Birth Survival. (2017) In: 36. Conference of the International Society for Animal Genetics (ISAG), 17 July 2017 - 21 July 2017 (Dublin, Ireland).

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Official URL: https://prodinra.inra.fr/?locale=es#!ConsultNotice:405028


In recent decades, improvement of prolificacy and body composition has been accompanied by a substantial increase in the mortality of piglets before weaning. The most critical period is the perinatal period, mostly during the first 24-48 hours following birth. The maturity of piglets, defined as the state of full development for survival at birth, is an important determinant of early mortality. The objective of our project is to take advantage of current knowledge about two pig breeds, Large White (LW) pigs selected for prolificacy and body composition and Meishan (MS) pigs being more robust. Maturity of several tissues and metabolite profiles of various fluids are analyzed on the fetuses (LW, MS and reciprocal F1) at day 90 or 110 of gestation (birth at day 114). Here we presented the transcriptomic analysis done on total blood samples (N=63). We did two different statistical analyses, a supervised one to reveal differential pathways for the interaction between gestational stages and genotypes and an unsupervised analysis (hclust and differential analyses) to identify potential predictors of a lesser maturity at birth. All p-values were adjusted with a Bonferroni correction < 1%. The 265 genes differential for the interaction (Bonferroni 1%) in blood samples revealed many genes for mitochondrial ATP synthesis, transcriptional regulation, and response to hypoxia (overexpressed in LW at day 110 of gestation).

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Additional Information:Droits : CC-BY-SA
ProdINRA Id:405028
Audience (conference):International conference proceedings
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:Université de Toulouse > Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire de Toulouse - ENVT (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Ecole d'Ingénieurs de Purpan - EIP (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
French research institutions > Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - INRA (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
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Deposited On:23 Mar 2020 09:50

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