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Effective mechanical properties of diaphyseal cortical bone in the canine femur

Autefage, André and Palierne, Sophie and Charron, Clémentine and Swider, Pascal Effective mechanical properties of diaphyseal cortical bone in the canine femur. (2012) The Veterinary Journal, 194 (2). 202-209. ISSN 1090-0233

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tvjl.2012.04.001

Abstract

The effective elastic modulus, yield strength, yield strain, ultimate strength, ultimate strain, strain energy density at yield and strain energy density at ultimate failure of femoral diaphyseal cortical bone were investigated on canine femurs. Four femurs representative of the canine population were selected from four statistically-determined clusters based on increasing size and weight comprising the Toy poodle (5 kg), Poodle (12 kg), German shorthaired pointer (25 kg) and Doberman (50 kg). The zones of interest were the lateral, medial, cranial, and caudal quadrants of the mid-diaphysis. Effective mechanical properties were measured using quasi-static three-point bending tests on strips. The averages +/- SD were 15.6 +/- 2.6 GPa for effective elastic modulus, 1743 +/- 32.1 MPa for yield strength, 0.012 +/- 0.003 for yield strain, 251.0 +/- 49.1 MPa for ultimate strength, 0.021 +/- 0.005 for ultimate strain, 10.7 +/- 4.0 J m(-3) x 10(5) for strain energy density at Yield and 33.0 +/- 14.1 J M-3 X 10(5) for strain energy density at ultimate failure. Significant differences were found between dogs and the effective elastic modulus increased with breed weight and size (13.9 GPa for the Toy poodle to 17.2 GPa for the Doberman). The ultimate strength sigma(u) and strain energy density at ultimate failure U-u were significantly lower in the Toy poodle than in the Poodle and German shorthaired pointer indicating that the cortical bone material in the Toy poodle differed from that of the other dogs. Examination of the zones of interest revealed that the cranial quadrant showed the greatest stiffness, whereas strength was highest at the medial site. The caudal cortex was less stiff and strong than the cranial cortex.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Elsevier editor. The definitive version is available at http://www.sciencedirect.com The original PDF of the article can be found at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/10900233/194/2?sdc=1
HAL Id:hal-01590755
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire de Toulouse - ENVT (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UPS (FRANCE)
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Deposited By: Pascal SWIDER
Deposited On:20 Sep 2017 08:42

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