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Modeling and monitoring of new GNSS signal distortions in the context of civil aviation

Pagot, Jean-Baptiste. Modeling and monitoring of new GNSS signal distortions in the context of civil aviation. PhD, Réseaux, Télécommunications, Systèmes et Architecture, Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse, 2016

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Abstract

GNSS is used nowadays in various fields for navigation and positioning including safety -of-life applications. Among these applications is civil aviation that requires a very high quality of service for the most demanding phases of flight in terms of integrity, accuracy, availability and continuity. To meet these requirements any source of potential service degradations has to be accounted for. One such example is GNSS signal distortions due to the satellite payload which can manifest in two ways: nominal distortions that are generated by healthy satellites due to payload imperfections and nonnominal distortions that are triggered by a satellite payload failure. The thesis first looks at the nominal distortions through GPS L1 C/A and Galileo E1C signals. Different types of observations are used based on correlation or chip domain visualization, and using high-gain and omnidirectional antennas. After the observation of nominal distortions, the dissertation investigates the non-nominal distortions due to the payload failure. Supported by the groundwork performed by civil aviation on signal distortion for the GPS L1 C/A signal, this dissertation aims at proposing new distortions models associated to the new GPS and Galileo signals that will be used by civil aviation after 2020. In particular, new TMs for new signals (GPS L5, Galileo E5a and Galileo E1C) are proposed. Finally, in this dissertation is built an appropriate monitor, referred to as SQM that is able to detect any distortion from the proposed TMs (for new signals) that could lead to a position integrity failure. Regarding GPS L1 C/A signal monitoring, such SQM is today implemented in GNSS augmentation systems including GBAS and SBAS. The current monitors are based on the analysis of the correlation function.

Item Type:PhD Thesis
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
Research Director:
Julien, Olivier and Thevenon, Paul
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Deposited On:02 Jun 2017 09:27

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