# Separation delay via hydro-acoustic control of a NACA4412 airfoil in pre-stalled conditions

Bodart, Julien and Scalo, Carlo and Shelekhov, Grigory and Joly, Laurent Separation delay via hydro-acoustic control of a NACA4412 airfoil in pre-stalled conditions. (2017) In: 55th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting, 9 January 2017 - 13 January 2017 (Grapevine, Texas, United States).

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.2514/6.2017-1452

## Abstract

We have performed large-eddy simulations of turbulent separation control via impedance boundary conditions (IBCs) on a \nacafft airfoil in near-stalled conditions. The uncontrolled baseline flow is obtained for freestream Mach numbers of $M_\infty=0.3$, chord-Reynolds numbers $Re_c = 1.5\times10^6$ and angle of attack, $\alpha=14^{\circ{}}$. Flow control is applied via imposition of complex IBCs using the time-domain implementation developed by Scalo, Bodart, and Lele, \emph{Phys. Fluids} (2015). Separation is delayed due to the enhanced mixing associated with convectively amplified spanwise-oriented Kelvin-Helmholtz (KH) rollers, generated via hydro-acoustic instabilities. The latter are the result of the interaction of the wall-normal transpiration through the impedance panel and the overlying mean background shear. The result is an alteration of the coupled instability between the separating shear layer and the vortex shedding in the wake (already present in the uncontrolled baseline flow) yielding unique wake topologies associated with different intensities for the passively generated KH vortical structures. Specifically, enhancements up to +13\% in the lift coefficients have been obtained. Results show that tuning of the resonant cavities below the natural shedding frequency is required to generate KH rollers structures with a sufficiently large entrainment diameter to encompass the full extent of the separated region, thereby enhancing mixing and promoting reattachment. Overall, the results presented in this work show that the adoption of hydro-acoustically tuned resonant panels is a promising passive control technique for boundary layer separation control.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper) Thanks to AIAA editor. The definitive version is available at http://arc.aiaa.org/doi/10.2514/6.2017-1452 International conference proceedings Université de Toulouse > Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace - ISAE-SUPAERO (FRANCE)Other partners > Purdue University (USA) download Julien Bodart 31 Jan 2017 10:53

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