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The intestinal toxicity of mycotoxins: Analysis of the interactions between type B trichothecenes

Alassane-Kpémbi, Imourana. The intestinal toxicity of mycotoxins: Analysis of the interactions between type B trichothecenes. PhD, Pathologie, Toxicologie, Génétique et Nutrition, Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse, 2013

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Abstract

As for other food-born contaminants, the gastro-intestinal tract represents the first barrier against deoxynivalenol (DON). This mycotoxin frequently co-occurs with other type B trichothecenes (TCTs B) namely 3-acetyldeoxynivalenol (3-ADON), 15-acetyldeoxynivalenol (15-ADON), nivalenol (NIV) and fusarenon-X (FX). At the cellular level, DON binding to ribosomal RNA results in the inhibition of protein synthesis and triggers the mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) pathway that have been linked to immune response mechanisms. Thus, intestinal epithelial cell renewing is considered a putative target in DON toxicity. Moreover, based on the ability of DON to disturb the state of homeostasis of the inflammatory response in the intestine mimicking what is found in inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), it is proposed that this mycotoxin may play a role in such diseases. However, very few is known about the intestinal toxicity of the other co-occuring TCT B, and their combined effects eventually. By means of in vitro human and porcine intestinal epithelial cells models and an ex vivo porcine jejunal explants model, we assessed the individual toxicity of five TCT B (DON, 3- and 15-ADON, NIV and FX) toward the intestine and we analyzed their combined toxicity in terms of additivity, synergy or antagonism. The tested TCT B significantly impaired the intestinal epithelial cell growth in the micromolar range, in increasing order of potency 3-ADON, DON, 15-ADON, NIV and FX. The toxicity of low doses of TCT B was synergistic. For mycotoxin concentrations corresponding to exposure levels reported for French and European consumers, the amplitude of this synergy ranged between 3 and 10. Benchmark dose analyses of the transcriptional data also showed that the exposure of the intestine to mycotoxin concentrations as low as 0.04µM for FX, 0.1µM for DON and 0.1µM for NIV could be associated to a significant activation of the inflammatory response mechanisms. Taken together, these results suggest that epithelial cell renewing and pro-inflammatory effects at the intestinal level may be consider very sensitive biomarkers for the assessment of the individual toxicity and interactions between the co-occurring TCTs B.

Item Type:PhD Thesis
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Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
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Research Director:
Oswald, Isabelle P and Puel, Olivier
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Deposited On:12 Jan 2017 15:14

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