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Confinement, Desolvation, And Electrosorption Effects on the Diffusion of Ions in Nanoporous Carbon Electrodes

Péan, Clarisse and Daffos, Barbara and Rotenberg, Benjamin and Levitz, Pierre and Haefele, Matthieu and Taberna, Pierre-Louis and Simon, Patrice and Salanne, Mathieu Confinement, Desolvation, And Electrosorption Effects on the Diffusion of Ions in Nanoporous Carbon Electrodes. (2015) Journal of the American Chemical Society, 137 (39). 12627-12632. ISSN 0002-7863

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jacs.5b07416


Supercapacitors are electrochemical devices which store energy by ion adsorption on the surface of a porous carbon. They are characterized by high power delivery. The use of nanoporous carbon to increase their energy density should not hinder their fast charging. However, the mechanisms for ion transport inside electrified nanopores remain largely unknown. Here we show that the diffusion is characterized by a hierarchy of time scales arising from ion confinement, solvation, and electrosorption effects. By combining electrochemistry experiments with molecular dynamics simulations, we determine the in-pore conductivities and diffusion coefficients and their variations with the applied potential. We show that the diffusion of the ions is slower by 1 order of magnitude compared to the bulk electrolyte. The desolvation of the ions occurs on much faster time scales than electrosorption.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to American Chemical Society editor. The definitive version is available at http://pubs.acs.org/
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique et aux énergies alternatives - CEA (FRANCE)
French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
French research institutions > Institut National de la Recherche en Informatique et en Automatique - INRIA (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris 6 - UPMC (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines -UVSQ (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université Paris-Sud 11 (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
European Research Council - French National Research Agency - CINES
Deposited On:19 Dec 2016 15:26

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