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Capacitance of two-dimensional titanium carbide (MXene) and MXene/carbon nanotube composites in organic electrolytes

Dall’Agnese, Yohan and Rozier, Patrick and Taberna, Pierre-Louis and Gogotsi, Yury and Simon, Patrice Capacitance of two-dimensional titanium carbide (MXene) and MXene/carbon nanotube composites in organic electrolytes. (2016) Journal of Power Sources, 306. 510-515. ISSN 0378-7753

(Document in English)

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.12.036


Pseudocapacitive materials that store charges by fast redox reactions are promising candidates for designing high energy density electrochemical capacitors. MXenes e recently discovered twodimensional carbides, have shown excellent capacitance in aqueous electrolytes, but in a narrow potential window, which limits both the energy and power density. Here, we investigated the electrochemical behavior of Ti3C2 MXene in 1M solution of 1-ethly-3-methylimidazolium bis- (trifluoromethylsulfonyl) -imide (EMITFSI) in acetonitrile and two other common organic electrolytes. This paper describes the use of clay, delaminated and composite Ti3C2 electrodes with carbon nanotubes in order to understand the effect of the electrode architecture and composition on the electrochemical performance. Capacitance values of 85 F g-1 and 245 F cm-3 were obtained at 2 mV s-1, with a high rate capability and good cyclability. In situ X-ray diffraction study reveals the intercalation of large EMIþ cations into MXene, which leads to increased capacitance, but may also be the rate limiting factor that determines the device performance.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Elsevier editor. The definitive version is available at http://www.sciencedirect.com
HAL Id:hal-01449637
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Other partners > Drexel University (USA)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
Partnership Universities Fund (PUF) of French Embassy - European Research Counci
Deposited On:30 Jan 2017 15:09

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