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Relationship between heating atmosphere and copper foil impurities during graphene growth via low pressure chemical vapor deposition

Çelik, Yasemin and Escoffier, Walter and Yang, Ming and Flahaut, Emmanuel and Suvacı, Ender Relationship between heating atmosphere and copper foil impurities during graphene growth via low pressure chemical vapor deposition. (2016) Carbon, 109. 529-541. ISSN 0008-6223

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2016.08.057


Low-pressure chemical vapor deposition synthesis of graphene films on two different Cu foils, with different surface oxygen and carbon contents, was performed by controlling H2 and/or Ar flow rates during heating. The influences of heating atmosphere on the final impurity level, quality of the synthesized graphene films and thickness uniformity were investigated depending on Cu foil impurities. Heating of carbon-rich, but oxygen-poor Cu foil in H2 environment resulted in covering the foil surface by residual carbon which then acted as active sites for multilayer graphene growth. Ar-only flow was required during heating to promote high quality graphene growth on this foil. On carbon-poor, but oxygen-rich Cu foil high quality graphene growth was promoted when the heating was carried out under Ar/H2 environment. Almost no carbon residues were observed on this foil even under H2 only flow during heating. The heating atmosphere affected not only graphene growth, but also the type and amount of impurities formed on the surface. H2 and Ar/H2 heating resulted in the formation of spherical nanometer-sized impurities, while irregular-shaped, large (a few mm) SiO2 impurities were observed when Ar alone was used during heating. Quality of the grown films was tested by Quantum Hall Effect measurements.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Elsevier editor. The original PDF of the article can be found at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0008622316307126
HAL Id:hal-01538550
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:Other partners > Anadolu University (TURKEY)
French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Toulouse - INSA (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
Anadolu University Scientific Research Projects Commission
Deposited On:13 Jun 2017 14:36

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