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Inverse problems in medical ultrasound images - applications to image deconvolution, segmentation and super-resolution

Zhao, Ningning. Inverse problems in medical ultrasound images - applications to image deconvolution, segmentation and super-resolution. PhD, Signal, Image, Acoustique et Optimisation, Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse, 2016

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In the field of medical image analysis, ultrasound is a core imaging modality employed due to its real time and easy-to-use nature, its non-ionizing and low cost characteristics. Ultrasound imaging is used in numerous clinical applications, such as fetus monitoring, diagnosis of cardiac diseases, flow estimation, etc. Classical applications in ultrasound imaging involve tissue characterization, tissue motion estimation or image quality enhancement (contrast, resolution, signal to noise ratio). However, one of the major problems with ultrasound images, is the presence of noise, having the form of a granular pattern, called speckle. The speckle noise in ultrasound images leads to the relative poor image qualities compared with other medical image modalities, which limits the applications of medical ultrasound imaging. In order to better understand and analyze ultrasound images, several device-based techniques have been developed during last 20 years. The object of this PhD thesis is to propose new image processing methods allowing us to improve ultrasound image quality using postprocessing techniques. First, we propose a Bayesian method for joint deconvolution and segmentation of ultrasound images based on their tight relationship. The problem is formulated as an inverse problem that is solved within a Bayesian framework. Due to the intractability of the posterior distribution associated with the proposed Bayesian model, we investigate a Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) technique which generates samples distributed according to the posterior and use these samples to build estimators of the ultrasound image. In a second step, we propose a fast single image super-resolution framework using a new analytical solution to the l2-l2 problems (i.e., $\ell_2$-norm regularized quadratic problems), which is applicable for both medical ultrasound images and piecewise/ natural images. In a third step, blind deconvolution of ultrasound images is studied by considering the following two strategies: i) A Gaussian prior for the PSF is proposed in a Bayesian framework. ii) An alternating optimization method is explored for blind deconvolution of ultrasound.

Item Type:PhD Thesis
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
Research Director:
Kouamé, Denis and Tourneret, Jean-Yves
Deposited On:23 Nov 2016 07:45

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