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Dynamics of livestock farming in extensive livestock farming territories: what processes are going on?

Cournut, Sylvie and Rapey, Hélène and Nozières, Marie-Odile and Poccard-Chapuis, René and Corniaux, Christian and Choisis, Jean-Philippe and Ryschawy, Julie and Madelrieux, Sophie Dynamics of livestock farming in extensive livestock farming territories: what processes are going on? (2012) In: The 10th European International Farming System Association Symposium (IFSA), 1 July 2012 - 4 July 2012 (Aarhus, Denmark).

(Document in English)

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The dynamics of family livestock farming in extensive livestock farming territories are crucial for the future of these territories. Indeed livestock farming is an activity anchored in a society, with its agro-food chains and its local environment. It provides products and multiple services: social and economic dynamics, desirable landscape, biodiversity… Family livestock farming has to reshape itself, and face up to local factors of change, such as demographic evolution or land pressure, and global factors like climate or market. The purpose of our communication is to shed light on the main processes of transformation of family livestock farming, based on a comparative analysis carried out on 8 extensive livestock farming territories : 2 in South America, 1 in Sub-Saharan Africa, 2 in the Mediterranean area and 3 in the French mountains. We propose a cross-reading of these processes based on three complementary considerations: i) the link between family and livestock farming, ii) the link of the farm to space and finally iii) the link of the livestock farm to agro-food chains. This reading informs us on the diversity of adaptation dynamics of family livestock farms. In all the territories we can demonstrate the influence of two driving forces for change on the construction of this diversity of family livestock farm adaptation dynamics. These driving forces are globalisation and territorialisation. We propose a stylised representation of this and discuss the tensions and/or complementarities which this diversity of dynamics creates within the territories.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
ProdINRA Id:178387
Audience (conference):International conference proceedings
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:Other partners > AgroParisTech (FRANCE)
French research institutions > Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique - CIRAD (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
French research institutions > Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - INRA (FRANCE)
French research institutions > Institut national de Recherche en Sciences et Technologies pour l'Environnement et l'Agriculture - IRSTEA (FRANCE)
Other partners > Montpellier SupAgro (FRANCE)
Other partners > Embrapa Amazônia Oriental (BRAZIL)
Other partners > Institut d'enseignement supérieur et de recherche en alimentation, santé animale, sciences agronomiques et de l'environnement - VetAgro Sup (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
Deposited On:09 May 2018 07:50

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