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Jack-of-all-trades effects drive biodiversity–ecosystem multifunctionality relationships in European forests

Van der Plas, Fons and Manning, Peter and Allan, Eric and Scherer-Lorenzen, Michael and Verheyen, Kris and Wirth, Christian and Zavala, Miguel Angel and Hector, Andy and Ampoorter, Evy and Baeten, Lander and Barbaro, Luc and Bauhus, Jürgen and Benavides, Raquel and Benneter, Adam and Berthold, Felix and Bonal, Damien and Bouriaud, Olivier and Bruelheide, Helge and Bussotti, Filippo and Carnol, Monique and Castagneyrol, Bastien and Charbonnier, Yohan and Coomes, David and Coppi, Andrea and Bastias, Cristina C. and Muhie Dawud, Seid and De Wandeler, Hans and Domisch, Timo and Finér, Leena and Gessler, Arthur and Granier, André and Grossiord, Charlotte and Guyot, Virginie and Hättenschwiler, Stephan and Jactel, Hervé and Jaroszewicz, Bogdan and Joly, François-Xavier and Jucker, Tommaso and Koricheva, Julia and Milligan, Harriet and Müller, Sandra and Muys, Bart and Nguyen, Diem and Pollastrini, Martina and Raulund-Rasmussen, Karsten and Selvi, Federico and Stenlid, Jan and Valladares, Fernando and Vesterdal, Lars and Zielínski, Dawid and Fischer, Markus Jack-of-all-trades effects drive biodiversity–ecosystem multifunctionality relationships in European forests. (2016) Nature Communications, 7. 1-11. ISSN 2041-1723

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncomms11109


There is considerable evidence that biodiversity promotes multiple ecosystem functions (multifunctionality), thus ensuring the delivery of ecosystem services important for human well-being. However, the mechanisms underlying this relationship are poorly understood, especially in natural ecosystems. We develop a novel approach to partition biodiversity effects on multifunctionality into three mechanisms and apply this to European forest data. We show that throughout Europe, tree diversity is positively related with multifunctionality when moderate levels of functioning are required, but negatively when very high function levels are desired. For two well-known mechanisms, ‘complementarity’ and ‘selection’, we detect only minor effects on multifunctionality. Instead a third, so far overlooked mechanism, the ‘jack-of-all-trades’ effect, caused by the averaging of individual species effects on function, drives observed patterns. Simulations demonstrate that jack-of-all-trades effects occur whenever species effects on different functions are not perfectly correlated, meaning they may contribute to diversity–multifunctionality relationships in many of the world’s ecosystems.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Nature Publishing Group. The definitive version is available at http://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms11109
HAL Id:hal-01441562
ProdINRA Id:350364
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:Other partners > Biodiversität und Klima Forschungszentrum - BiK-F (GERMANY)
French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
French research institutions > Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - INRA (FRANCE)
Other partners > Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg - MLU (GERMANY)
Other partners > Universidad de Alcalá - UAH (SPAIN)
Other partners > Université de Bordeaux 1 (FRANCE)
Other partners > University of Cambridge (UNITED KINGDOM)
Other partners > Universidad Rey Juan Carlos - URJC (SPAIN)
Other partners > Universitatea Stefan cel Mare Suceava - USU (ROMANIA)
Other partners > Université de Liège (BELGIUM)
Other partners > Royal Holloway University of London - RHUL (UNITED KINGDOM)
Other partners > German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research - iDiv (GERMANY)
Other partners > Los Alamos National Laboratory - LANL (USA)
Other partners > Universität Leipzig (GERMANY)
Other partners > Luonnonvarakeskus - LUKE (FINLAND)
Other partners > Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (SPAIN)
Other partners > Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet - SLU (SWEDEN)
Other partners > Forschungsanstalt für Wald, Schnee und Landschaft - WSL (SWITZERLAND)
Other partners > Universiteit Gent - UGENT (BELGIUM)
Other partners > University of Bern (SWITZERLAND)
Other partners > Københavns Universitet - KU (DENMARK)
Other partners > Università degli Studi di Firenze (ITALY)
Other partners > Universität Freiburg (GERMANY)
Other partners > Katholieke Universiteit Leuven - KU LEUVEN (BELGIUM)
Other partners > Université de Lorraine (FRANCE)
Other partners > University of Oxford (UNITED KINGDOM)
Other partners > Uniwersytet Warszawski - UW (POLAND)
Laboratory name:
Deposited On:19 Jan 2017 17:57

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