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Emotion induction through virtual avatars and its impact on reasoning: evidence from autonomous nervous system measurements and cognitive assessment

Causse, Mickaël and Pavard, Bernard and Senard, Jean-Michel and Démonet, Jean François and Pastor, Josette Emotion induction through virtual avatars and its impact on reasoning: evidence from autonomous nervous system measurements and cognitive assessment. (2007) In: Laval Virtual 2007, 18 March 2007 - 22 March 2007 (Laval, France). (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Many studies have shown the impact of emotion on cognition (Damasio 1995; Phelps 2004), however these influences remain ambiguous. The contradictions may be explained by a lack of experimental control but also by the existence of complex cross-influences between the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, a major substratum of the executive functions (EFs) and the ventromedial prefrontal cortex, an area strongly connected to the limbic system (Simpson 2001a). This work aims at gaining a more precise view of the links between emotion and EFs thanks to an experimental protocol that uses Virtual Reality (avatars) for a controlled emotional conditioning, measurements of the autonomous nervous system (ANS) as evidence of the emotional variations and a neuropsychological test battery for the detection of EFs variations, especially reasoning. The battery’s major tasks consist in deductive reasoning and reasoning in dynamic situations. The experimental data show that positive conditioning leads to a performance decrease (in agreement with Phillips et al. (2002a)), together with physiological variations (cardiac and pupillary activity). Moreover negative conditioning leads to ineffective actions: more actions (Dynamic task), more quickly (Deductive task) with no performance variation. These results may have applications in neuropsychology, for the assessment and the rehabilitation of patients (Mateer et al. 2005) and in neuroergonomics in the field of complex working situations where emotions may cause accidents (e.g. potential source of air crashes, Dehais et al. 2003).

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Audience (conference):International conference without published proceedings
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT (FRANCE)
French research institutions > Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale - INSERM (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace - ISAE-SUPAERO (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UPS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse - Jean Jaurès - UT2J (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse 1 Capitole - UT1 (FRANCE)
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Deposited By: Mickael Causse
Deposited On:03 Nov 2016 13:28

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