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Recovery of Actinides from Actinide-Aluminium Alloys: Chlorination Route

Mendes, Eric and Cassayre, Laurent and Malmbeck, Rikard and Soucek, Pavel and Jardin, Régis and Glatz, Jean-Paul Recovery of Actinides from Actinide-Aluminium Alloys: Chlorination Route. (2008) In: ATALANTE 2008, 19 May 2008 - 22 May 2008 (Montpellier, France).

(Document in English)

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Official URL: http://www-atalante2008.cea.fr


A method for recovery of actinides (An) from An-Al alloys formed by electrochemical separation of metallic spent nuclear fuel on solid aluminium electrodes in molten chloride salts is described. The proposed route consists of three main steps: Vacuum distillation of salt adhered on the electrodes, chlorination of An-Al alloy by pure chlorine gas and sublimation of formed AlCl3. A thermochemical study of the route was performed to determine important chemical reactions and to find optimum experimental conditions for all process steps. Vacuum distillation of the electrode is efficient for complete removal of remaining salt and most fission products (FP), full chlorination of the An-Al alloys is possible at any working temperature and evaporation of AlCl3 is achieved by heating under argon.. Experiments have been carried out using U-Al alloy in order to define parameters providing full alloy chlorination without formation of volatile UCl5 and UCl6. It was shown that full chlorination of An-Al alloys without An losses should be possible at a temperature approx. 150°C.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
HAL Id:hal-04089093
Audience (conference):International conference proceedings
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Other partners > European Institute for Energy Research - EIFER (GERMANY)
Laboratory name:
Deposited On:21 Nov 2008 13:04

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