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Magnetic flux distorsion in two-phase liquid metal flow

Kumar, Mithlesh. Magnetic flux distorsion in two-phase liquid metal flow. PhD, Dynamique des fluides, Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse, 2016

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Abstract

A Generation IV Sodium cooled Fast Reactor (SFR) is being researched and developed at CEA, Cadarache France under the project named ASTRID. Monitoring gas presence in SFR is important with respect to its safe operation. In accordance with the principles of diversity, techniques based on different measurement principles have been proposed. This thesis concerns the detection and characterization of void using magnetic flux perturbation principle. An Eddy Current Flow Meter (ECFM) device is used for this purpose. From the technological point of view, the objective is to evaluate the feasibility of ECFM as a flow and/or void monitoring/characterizing device; and to determine which parameters are of interest and what are the precision of these measurements; and whether it is possible to measure the flow rate and void fraction simultaneously with the same ECFM device. From the physics point of view, the ECFM system involves the magnetic flux perturbation due to voids in the presence of Faraday induction and Lorentz force effects. Therefore ECFM integrated signal contains informations about the void, Faraday induction and Lorentz force effects based perturbation in magnetic flux and their couplings. Our objective is to understand the nature and extent of these couplings. Specific experiments have been developed to study the effects of flow velocity, void fraction and magnetic flux pulsations on the response of an ECFM. It consists in modeling the two-phase flow by a moving aluminium rod (plug flow) with holes and grooves to simulate voids. Flow velocity range of variation was 0<U<1 m/s, void fraction 0<<6.9% and pulsation 1500<<12000 rad/s (for this range of pulsations the electromagnetic skin depth is of order but smaller than the aluminium rod radius). An ellipse fitting method was proposed to analyze the output signal of the secondary coils. The results show that ECFM is sensitive to void fractions between 0.3 % and 6.9%. Furthermore, the response to void fraction is insensitive to the mean velocity of the twophase medium. A second approach based on demodulation analyses of the secondary coils output signal has been developed. We have proposed a theoretical model based on a first order expansion of magnetic flux in U and a. With this model it was possible to interpret the experimental results in terms of contributions of U and a. Despite the strong coupling between Faraday induction and Lorentz force effects, the results show that the contributions of U and a. can be well separated at low magnetic Reynolds number (Rem < 0.12) and low a values ( < 6.9%). A very important result is that the contribution of _ on magnetic flux is insensitive to variations of velocity in this range of Rem. Moreover, different geometries of void have been studied: grooves and holes. It was observed that the geometry of void do not change the variation of magnetic flux with a. This second approach revealed to be more sensitive to void fraction variations than ellipse fitting method. Finally, preliminary experiments with liquid metal galinstan with glass beads were done, which showed sensitivity of ECFM signal with velocity and void. In conclusion, this work has shown that ECFM can measure simultaneously void and velocity in the range of parameters studied, in particular 0.06%< < 6.9%.

Item Type:PhD Thesis
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
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Research Director:
Tordjeman, Philippe and Bergez, Wladimir
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Deposited On:01 Jun 2016 13:38

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