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Extruded versus solvent cast blends of poly(vinyl alcohol-co-ethylene) and biopolymers isolated from municipal biowaste

Franzoso, Flavia and Vaca-Garcia, Carlos and Rouilly, Antoine and Evon, Philippe and Montoneri, Enzo and Persico, Paola and Mendichi, Raniero and Nistico, Roberto and Francavilla, Matteo Extruded versus solvent cast blends of poly(vinyl alcohol-co-ethylene) and biopolymers isolated from municipal biowaste. (2016) Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 133 (9). 43009. ISSN 0021-8995

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/app.43009

Abstract

Water-soluble biopolymers (SBO) were isolated from the alkaline hydrolysate of two materials sampled from an urban waste treatment plant; that is, an anaerobic fermentation digestate and a compost. The digestate biopolymers contained more lipophilic and aliphatic C, and less acidic functional groups than the compost biopolymers. The SBO were blended with poly (vinyl alcohol-co-ethylene), hereinafter EVOH. The blends were extruded and characterized by FTIR spectroscopy, size exclusion chromatography (SEC)– multi angle static light scattering (MALS) analysis, and for their thermal, rheological, and mechanical properties. The blends behavior depended on the type of SBO and its relative content. Evidence was obtained for a condensation reaction occurring between the EVOH and SBO. The best results were obtained with the blends containing up to 10% SBO isolated from the biowaste anaerobic digestate. Compared with the neat EVOH, these blends exhibited lower melt viscosity and no significant or great difference in mechanical properties. The results on the extrudates, compared with those previously obtained on the same blends obtained by solvent casting, indicate that the blends properties depend strongly also on the processing technology.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to John Wiley & Sons. The definitive version is available at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com The original PDF of the article can be found at Journal of Applied Polymer Science website : http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/app.43009/full
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:Other partners > Biowaste Processing (ITALY)
Other partners > Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche - CNR (ITALY)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT (FRANCE)
French research institutions > Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - INRA (FRANCE)
Other partners > Università degli studi di Torino - UNITO (ITALY)
Other partners > Istituto per lo Studio delle Macromolecole - ISMAC-CNR (ITALY)
Other partners > Università degli Studi di Foggia - UNIFG (ITALY)
Laboratory name:
Funders:
COSTEuropean Cooperation in Science and Technology EUBis Action TD1203
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Deposited By: Philippe EVON
Deposited On:05 Jan 2016 10:14

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