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"Automation Surprise" in Aviation

Dehais, Frédéric and Peysakhovich, Vsevolod and Scannella, Sébastien and Fongue, Jennifer and Gateau, Thibault "Automation Surprise" in Aviation. (2015) In: CHI '15 Proceedings of the 33rd Annual ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 18 April 2015 - 23 April 2015 (Seoul, Korea, Republic Of).

(Document in English)

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2702123.2702521


Conflicts between the pilot and the automation, when pilots detect but do not understand them, cause “automation sur- prise” situations and jeopardize flight safety. We conducted an experiment in a 3-axis motion flight simulator with 16 pi- lots equipped with an eye-tracker to analyze their behavior and eye movements during the occurrence of such a situation. The results revealed that this conflict engages participant’s at- tentional abilities resulting in excessive and inefficient visual search patterns. This experiment confirmed the crucial need to design solutions for detecting the occurrence of conflict- ual situations and to assist the pilots. We therefore proposed an approach to formally identify the occurrence of “automa- tion surprise” conflicts based on the analysis of “silent mode changes” of the autopilot. A demonstrator was implemented and allowed for the automatic trigger of messages in the cock- pit that explains the autopilot behavior. We implemented a real-time demonstrator that was tested as a proof-of-concept with 7 subjects facing 3 different conflicts with automation. The results shown the efficacy of this approach which could be implemented in existing cockpits.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information:ISBN: 978-1-4503-3145-6
Audience (conference):International conference proceedings
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace - ISAE-SUPAERO (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
AXA Research Fund
Deposited On:28 Jan 2016 15:09

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