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Performance Analysis of the Modernized GNSS Signal Acquisition

Foucras, Myriam. Performance Analysis of the Modernized GNSS Signal Acquisition. PhD, Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse, 2015

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Official URL: http://ethesis.inp-toulouse.fr/archive/00002915/

Abstract

Since the development of the GPS, the global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) have been widely diversified: maintenance, modernization and deployment of new systems such as the European Galileo. In addition, the number of GNSS signals applications, based on the use of GNSS signals, is increasing. To meet these new challenges and requirements, GNSS receivers are constantly evolving. A new trend is the development of software receiver which processes the GNSS signal in a software way unlike hardware receiver, equipping our vehicles, smartphones, for example. This thesis is part of a common project between a laboratory and a company, consisting of the development of a software receiver tracking GPS L1 C/A and Galileo E1 OS. The more specific aim of the thesis is to study the acquisition, first signal processing which provides a rough estimation of the incoming signal parameters. This work focuses particularly the low power signals, an acquisition threshold is set at 27 dB-Hz considered as a representative of urban or degraded environments. It is important to note that the success of the acquisition of such signals should be at least 9 times out of 10, without any aid or knowledge of almanac or ephemeris. Initially, a solid theoretical study of the acquisition performance and sources of degradation is conducted. One of them is the bit transitions due to the presence of the navigation message and the secondary code on pilot component of the new signals. It is thus highlighted the need to use a Transition-Insensitive acquisition method. Secondly, an innovative method, the Double-Block Zero-Padding Transition-Insensitive (DBZPTI) is developed to permit efficiently the acquisition of Galileo E1 OS signal. It takes part in the development of the global acquisition strategy, which should provide an estimate of the Doppler frequency and code delay, fine and reliable, for a satisfactory signal tracking.

Item Type:PhD Thesis
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Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
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Research Director:
Julien, Olivier and Macabiau, Christophe
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Deposited On:10 Sep 2015 21:58

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