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Interaction of two axisymmetric bodies falling in tandem at moderate Reynolds numbers

Brosse, Nicolas and Ern, Patricia Interaction of two axisymmetric bodies falling in tandem at moderate Reynolds numbers. (2014) Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 757. 208-230. ISSN 0022-1120

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2014.407

Abstract

This study considers the interaction of two identical solid axisymmetric bodies (of diameter d and thickness h) freely falling in a fluid at rest. We determine the domains of existence of the different interaction behaviour of the two bodies (i.e. attraction, repulsion and indifference) as a function of their initial relative position. We then investigate in detail the case of bodies falling in tandem, for both rectilinear and periodic paths, and the associated attraction behaviour. For all the Reynolds numbers and aspect ratios of the bodies (χ=d/h) investigated, the trailing body catches up with the leading body. We provide a quantitative description of the kinematics leading to the regrouping of the bodies and analyse its relationship with the wake of the leading body. In the case of rectilinear paths, a dynamical model that takes into account the axial evolution of the wake of the leading body is proposed to reproduce the acceleration observed for the trailing body until a vertical separation distance between the bodies of 1.5 diameters. In parallel, direct numerical simulations (DNS) of the flow about two fixed bodies in tandem in an oncoming flow are carried out, providing a good estimation of the motion of the bodies for separation distances larger than 5 diameters. For periodic paths, the kinematics leading to the regrouping of the bodies is slower than for rectilinear paths. However, in this case, the interaction also leads to significant changes in the characteristics of the oscillatory motion and is strongly dependent on the aspect ratio of the bodies. To explain the observed differences, we consider the effect of the transverse inhomogeneity of the wake of the leading body on the oscillatory motion of the trailing disk.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Cambridge University Press editor. The definitive version is available at http://journals.cambridge.org The original PDF of the article can be found at Cambridge University Press website : http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=9348903&fileId=S0022112014004078
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
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Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
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Deposited On:24 Jun 2015 09:31

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