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Large scale production of multi-walled carbon nanotubes by fluidized bed catalytic chemical vapor deposition : a parametric study

Morançais, Aurore and Caussat, Brigitte and Kihn, Yolande and Serp, Philippe and Kalck, Philippe and Plee, Dominique and Gaillard, Patrice and Bernard, Daniel Large scale production of multi-walled carbon nanotubes by fluidized bed catalytic chemical vapor deposition : a parametric study. (2007) Carbon, 4 (3). 624-635. ISSN 0008-6223

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2006.10.009


A parametric study investigating the impact of temperature, run duration, total pressure, and composition of the gaseous phase on the catalytic growth of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNT) has been performed. MWNT have been produced very selectively on the multi gram scale by catalytic chemical vapor deposition from ethylene in a fluidized bed reactor. The kinetics of MWNT growth is fast and, with the catalyst used, no induction period has been observed. The kinetic law is positive order in ethylene concentration and the process is limited by internal diffusion in the porosity of the catalyst. The formation of MWNT in the macroporosity of the catalyst induces an explosion of the catalyst grains. Such a process, thanks to the absence of temperature gradient and to the efficient mixing of the grains allows a uniform and selective treatment of the catalyst powder leading to very high selectivity towards MWNT formation. High purity MWNT have been obtained after catalyst dissolution. Depending on the temperature of production, the specific surface area of this material ranged between 95 and 455 m2/g.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Elsevier editor. The definitive version is available at http://www.sciencedirect.com The original PDF of the article can be found at Carbon website : http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00086223
HAL Id:hal-03594291
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
Other partners > Arkema (FRANCE)
French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
Deposited On:21 Oct 2008 10:17

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