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Biorefinery of sunflower whole plant by thermo-mechano-chemical fractionation in twin-screw extruder: representation of liquid/solid transport inside the barrel

Evon, Philippe and Pontalier, Pierre-Yves and Rigal, Luc Biorefinery of sunflower whole plant by thermo-mechano-chemical fractionation in twin-screw extruder: representation of liquid/solid transport inside the barrel. (2009) In: 2nd International Congress on Green Process Engineering (GEP 2009), 14 June 2009 - 17 June 2009 (Venice, Italy). (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Biorefinery of sunflower whole plant can be conducted with water by thermo-mechano-chemical fractionation in a Clextral BC 45 (France) co-penetrating and co-rotating twin-screw extruder. An extract and a raffinate are produced separately and in a single continuous step. The arrangement of screw profile makes possible to define three successive zones along the barrel, in which the three unit operations of the aqueous extraction process are taking place. (I) The grinding zone consists of a succession of 10 monolobes paddles, and 5 bilobe paddles. It ensures the conditioning and the grinding of solid matter. (II) The extracting zone begins with water injection. It is composed of a second series of 5 bilobe paddles to mix liquid and solid. (III) The pressing zone is the place where liquid/solid separation is realized. Screw configuration is then arranged with reversed pitch screws used to place pressure on the liquid/solid mixture, and positioned immediately downstream from a filter section. Representation of liquid/solid transport inside the barrel is performed thanks to (i) the measuring of the filling of each screw element after visual observation, (ii) the characteristics of the corresponding solid, and (iii) the modelling of the contribution of each screw element to the residence time distribution of solid and liquid phases. Consequently, twin-screw extruder can be represented as the association of a grinder, a liquid/solid extractor, and a liquid/solid separator, in which material exchanges are intensified. Thus, it is possible to predict the evolution of mean residence times of liquid and solid in the three zones of twin-screw extruder with the main operating variables: screw rotation speed, and inlet flow rates of whole plant and water. The decrease of both screw rotation speed and inlet flow rate of whole plant, simultaneously with the increase of inlet flow rate of water, causes the increase of liquid to solid ratio in the extracting zone, and the increase of residence time of solid in the pressing zone. These operating conditions (60 rpm for screw rotation speed, 5.0 kg/h and 20.3 kg/h for inlet flow rates of whole plant and water, respectively) are favourable to an efficient contact between liquid and solid (8.2 for liquid to solid ratio), and to the liquid/solid separation (156 sec for residence time of solid inside the separator). Oil yield is then around 55%, and residual oil content of the cake meal is only 13% of dry weight. The oil is extracted in the form of oil-in-water emulsions. The emulsion stability is ensured at interface by surface-active agents: phospholipids, proteins, and pectins. Extracts are also made up of a hydrophilic phase. This major fraction contains water-soluble components: proteins, and pectins. Raffinates are rich in fibres, and they have also a significant content of proteins with thermoplastic properties. They can be manufactured into biodegradable agromaterials by compression moulding.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Audience (conference):International conference without published proceedings
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT (FRANCE)
French research institutions > Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - INRA (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
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Deposited By: Philippe EVON
Deposited On:05 Sep 2014 09:51

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